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Roe v. Wade + is the historic Supreme Court decision overturning a Texas interpretation of abortion law and making abortion legal in the United States. The Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without restriction, and with restrictions in later months, based on the right to privacy.

WE THE PEOPLE  &   “ We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. ”
—United States Declaration of Independence, SIGNED BY ALL ++ July 4 1776

U.S. Supreme Court + ROE  v. WADE, (1973)           410 U.S. 113
ROE ET AL. v. WADE,                                           DISTRICT ATTORNEY OF DALLAS COUNTY
APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS      No. 70-18.    Argued December 13, 1971 Reargued October 11,1972  + Decided January 22, 1973

A pregnant single woman (Roe) brought a class action challenging the constitutionality of the Texas criminal abortion laws, which proscribe procuring or attempting an abortion except on medical advice for the purpose of saving the mother's life. A licensed physician (Hallford), who had two state abortion prosecutions pending against him, was permitted to intervene. A childless married couple (the Does), the wife not being pregnant, separately attacked the laws, basing alleged injury on the future possibilities of contraceptive failure, pregnancy, unpreparedness for parenthood, and impairment of the wife's health. A three-judge District Court, which consolidated the actions, held that Roe and Hallford, and members of their classes, had standing to sue and presented justiciable controversies. Ruling that declaratory, though not injunctive, relief was warranted, the court declared the abortion statutes void as vague and overbroadly infringing those plaintiffs' Ninth and Fourteenth Amendment rights. The court ruled the Does' complaint not justiciable. Appellants directly appealed to this Court on the injunctive rulings, and appellee cross-appealed from the District Court's grant of declaratory relief to Roe and Hallford. Held:

1. While 28 U.S.C. 1253 authorizes no direct appeal to this Court from the grant or denial of declaratory relief alone, review is not foreclosed when the case is properly before the Court on appeal from specific denial of injunctive relief and the arguments as to both injunctive and declaratory relief are necessarily identical. P. 123.

2. Roe has standing to sue; the Does and Hallford do not. Pp. 123-129.

(a) Contrary to appellee's contention, the natural termination of Roe's pregnancy did not moot her suit. Litigation involving pregnancy, which is "capable of repetition, yet evading review," is an exception to the usual federal rule that an actual controversy [410 U.S. 113, 114] must exist at review stages and not simply when the action is initiated. Pp. 124-125.

(b) The District Court correctly refused injunctive, but erred in granting declaratory, relief to Hallford, who alleged no federally protected right not assertable as a defense against the good-faith state prosecutions pending against him. Samuels v. Mackell, 401 U.S. 66 . Pp. 125-127.

(c) The Does' complaint, based as it is on contingencies, any one or more of which may not occur, is too speculative to present an actual case or controversy. Pp. 127-129.

3. State criminal abortion laws, like those involved here, that except from criminality only a life-saving procedure on the mother's behalf without regard to the stage of her pregnancy and other interests involved violate the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, which protects against state action the right to privacy, including a woman's qualified right to terminate her pregnancy. Though the State cannot override that right, it has legitimate interests in protecting both the pregnant woman's health and the potentiality of human life, each of which interests grows and reaches a "compelling" point at various stages of the woman's approach to term. Pp. 147-164.

(a) For the stage prior to approximately the end of the first trimester, the abortion decision and its effectuation must be left to the medical judgment of the pregnant woman's attending physician. Pp. 163, 164.

(b) For the stage subsequent to approximately the end of the first trimester, the State, in promoting its interest in the health of the mother, may, if it chooses, regulate the abortion procedure in ways that are reasonably related to maternal health. Pp. 163, 164.

(c) For the stage subsequent to viability the State, in promoting its interest in the potentiality of human life, may, if it chooses, regulate, and even proscribe, abortion except where necessary, in appropriate medical judgment, for the preservation of the life or health of the mother. Pp. 163-164; 164-165.

4. The State may define the term "physician" to mean only a physician currently licensed by the State, and may proscribe any abortion by a person who is not a physician as so defined. P. 165.

5. It is unnecessary to decide the injunctive relief issue since the Texas authorities will doubtless fully recognize the Court's ruling [410 U.S. 113, 115] that the Texas criminal abortion statutes are unconstitutional. P. 166.314 F. Supp. 1217, affirmed in part and reversed in part.

BLACKMUN, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which BURGER, C. J., and DOUGLAS, BRENNAN, STEWART, MARSHALL, and POWELL, JJ., joined. BURGER, C. J., post, p. 207, DOUGLAS, J., post, p. 209, and STEWART, J., post, p. 167, filed concurring opinions. WHITE, J., filed a dissenting opinion, in which REHNQUIST, J., joined, post, p. 221. REHNQUIST, J., filed a dissenting opinion, post, p. 171.

Sarah Weddington reargued the cause for appellants. With her on the briefs were Roy Lucas, Fred Bruner, Roy L. Merrill, Jr., and Norman Dorsen.

Robert C. Flowers, Assistant Attorney General of Texas, argued the cause for appellee on the reargument. Jay Floyd, Assistant Attorney General, argued the cause for appellee on the original argument. With them on the brief were Crawford C. Martin, Attorney General, Nola White, First Assistant Attorney General, Alfred Walker, Executive Assistant Attorney General, Henry Wade, and John B. Tolle. [410 U.S. 113, 116]

All state laws limiting women's access to abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy were invalidated by Roe v. Wade. State laws limiting such access during the second trimester were upheld only when the restrictions were for the purpose of protecting the health of the pregnant woman. Roe v. Wade legalized abortion in the United States, which was not legal at all in many states and was limited by law in others.Basis of the Roe v. Wade decision: Roe v. Wade was decided primarily on the Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution, a part of the Bill of Rights. The Court's decision in this case was that the Ninth Amendment, in stating that "the enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights,shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people," protected a person's right to privacy.Who Roe and Wade were:The alias "Jane Roe" was used for Norma McCorvey, on whose behalf the suit was originally filed, alleging that the abortion law in Texas violated her constitutional rights and the rights of other women.. The defendant was the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas, Henry B. Wade.

The United States 1973 Supreme Court Photos membership in Yr. 1973 Warren Burger
William Douglas
William Brennan
Potter Stewart
Byron White
Thurgood Marshall
Harry Blackmun
Lewis Powell
William Rehnquist

The majority: Harry Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Chief Justice Warren Burger, William O. Douglas, Thurgood Marshall, Lewis Powell and Potter Stewart.

The dissent: William Rehnquist and Byron White.

The majority opinion was written by Harry Blackmun. Concurring opinions were written by Harry Blackmun, Potter Stewart, Warren Burger, and William O. Douglas.

Dissenting opinions were written by William Rehnquist and Byron White 

Facts of the Case: Roe, a Texas resident, sought to terminate her pregnancy by abortion. Texas law prohibited abortions except to save the pregnant woman's life. After granting certiorari, the Court heard arguments twice. The first time, Roe's attorney -- Sarah Weddington -- could not locate the constitutional hook of her argument for Justice Potter Stewart. Her opponent -- Jay Floyd -- misfired from the start. Weddington sharpened her constitutional argument in the second round. Her new opponent -- Robert Flowers -- came under strong questioning from Justices Potter Stewart and Thurgood Marshall. Question: Does the Constitution embrace a woman's right to terminate her pregnancy by abortion? Conclusion: The Court held that a woman's right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy (recognized in Griswold v. Connecticut) protected by the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision gave a woman total autonomy over the pregnancy during the first trimester and defined different levels of state interest for the second and third trimesters. As a result, the laws of 46 states were affected by the Court's ruling. Decisions Decision: 7 votes for Roe, 2 vote(s) against + Legal provision: Due Process

Roe v. Wade + 410 U.S. 113 (1973). + Author: Joe

Facts:  The great state of Texas had a law which made it illegal to procure abortion unless the life of the mother was threatened by the pregnancy.  The plaintiff (a pregnant woman) claimed that this law violated her constitutional rights.

Procedure:  The District court provided declaratory relief to P by holding the law unconstitutional under the Ninth Amendment.

Issue:  Does the P have a constitutional right to terminate her pregnancy?

Holding: Yes- but right not absolute.

Rationale (Blackmun):  According to the court, the right of privacy under the 14th Amendment is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.  The court further ruled that the right of the woman is not absolute.  The state can regulate the woman’s actions in cases where the law serves a “compelling state interest”.  The court rejected Texas argument that at conception, the unborn should be considered a person under the Constitution.  According to the court, the word “person” as used in the Constitution does not refer to the unborn.  Therefore, in the end, the court ruled that in the initial stages of the pregnancy (before the end of the first trimester) the woman and her physician are free to make their choice about abortion without the interference from the state.  For the subsequent stage of pregnancy, the state can regulate the woman’s choice but only to serve the compelling interest of promoting the health of the mother.  For the stage after viability, the state in promoting its interest in the potentiality of human life may, if it chooses, regulate and even proscribe, abortion except where it is necessary to preserve the life of the mother.

Concurrence (Stewart):  Even though the court in Griswold tried to avoid the substantive due process, it is clear that the case was decided based on this doctrine.  The liberty protected by due process covers more than those freedoms explicitly named in the Bill of Rights.  A woman enjoys the liberty to decide whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.  But such liberty can be limited if the state shows a compelling interest (not just a legitimate interest).

Concurrence (Douglas): Three types of liberties:  1. Autonomous control over the development and expression of one’s intellect, interests, tastes, and personality  These right protected by 1st Amendment and are absolute.  2.  Freedom of choice in the basic decision of one’s life respecting marriage, divorce, procreation, contraception, and education.  Not absolute and subject to some control by police power.  3. freedom to care for one’s health and person, freedom from bodily restraint or compulsion, freedom to walk, stroll, or load.  Subject to regulation on a showing of compelling state interest.

Dissent (Rehnquist): The fact that laws against abortion have existed for long time suggests that abortion is not so rooted in the traditions and conscience of our people as to be ranked as fundamental.  Furthermore, the majority’s “compelling interest” requirement will take the court back to the Lochner era when the court acted more like a super legislature.

Though the points that can be made in opposition to and in support of abortion are many, here are ten that represent a range of topics as seen from both sides.


Pro-Life + No.# 1  Since life begins at conception, abortion is akin to murder as it is the act of taking human life. Abortion is in direct defiance of the commonly accepted idea of the sanctity of human life

No.# 2   No civilized society permits one human to intentionally harm or take the life of another human without punishment, and abortion is no different.

No.# 3   Adoption is a viable alternative to abortion and accomplishes the same result. And with 1.5 million American families wanting to adopt a child, there is no such thing as an unwanted child.

No.# 4   An abortion can result in medical complications later in life; the risk of ectopic pregnancies doubles, and the chance of a miscarriage and pelvic inflammatory disease also increases.

No.# 5   In the instance of rape and incest, proper medical care can ensure that a woman will not get pregnant. Abortion punishes the unborn child who committed no crime; instead, it is the perpetrator who should be punished.

No.# 6   Abortion should not be used as another form of contraception.

No.# 7   For women who demand complete control of their body, control should include preventing the risk of unwanted pregnancy through the responsible use of contraception or, if that is not possible, through abstinence.

No.# 8   Many Americans who pay taxes are opposed to abortion, therefore it's morally wrong to use tax dollars to fund abortion.

No.# 9   Those who choose abortions are often minors or young women with insufficient life experience to understand fully what they are doing. Many have lifelong regrets afterwards.

No.# 10   Abortion frequently causes intense psychological pain and stress.


Pro-Choice + No.# 1  Nearly all abortions take place in the first trimester, when a fetus cannot exist independent of the mother. As it is attached by the placenta and umbilical cord, its health is dependent on her health, and cannot be regarded as a separate entity as it cannot exist outside her womb.

No.# 2  The concept of personhood is different from the concept of human life. Human life occurs at conception, but fertilized eggs used for in vitro fertilization are also human lives and those not implanted are routinely thrown away. Is this murder, and if not, then how is abortion murder?

No.# 3  Adoption is not an alternative to abortion, because it remains the woman's choice whether or not to give her child up for adoption. Statistics show that very few women who give birth choose to give up their babies - less than 3% of white unmarried women and less than 2% of black unmarried women.

No.# 4   Abortion is a safe medical procedure. The vast majority of women - 88% - who have an abortion do so in their first trimester. Medical abortions have less than 0.5% risk of serious complications and do not affect a woman's health or future ability to become pregnant or give birth.

No.# 5   In the case of rape or incest, forcing a woman made pregnant by this violent act would cause further psychological harm to the victim. Often a woman is too afraid to speak up or is unaware she is pregnant, thus the morning after pill is ineffective in these situations.

No.# 6   Abortion is not used as a form of contraception. Pregnancy can occur even with responsible contraceptive use. Only 8% of women who have abortions do not use any form of birth control, and that is due more to individual carelessness than to the availability of abortion.

No.# 7   The ability of a woman to have control of her body is critical to civil rights. Take away her reproductive choice and you step onto a slippery slope. If the government can force a woman to continue a pregnancy, what about forcing a woman to use contraception or undergo sterilization?

No.# 8   Taxpayer dollars are used to enable poor women to access the same medical services as rich women, and abortion is one of these services. Funding abortion is no different from funding a war in the Mideast. For those who are opposed, the place to express outrage is in the voting booth.

No.# 9   Teenagers who become mothers have grim prospects for the future. They are much more likely to leave of school; receive inadequate prenatal care; rely on public assistance to raise a child; develop health problems; or end up divorced.

No.# 10   Like any other difficult situation, abortion creates stress. Yet the American Psychological Association found that stress was greatest prior to an abortion, and that there was no evidence of post-abortion syndrome.

Differences of Adoption and Abortion
 
"Abortion is not just a simple medical procedure. For many women, it is a life-changing event with significant physical, emotional and spiritual consequences. Most women who struggle with past abortions say that they wish they had been told all of the facts about abortion and its risks."
 
Adoption  +  Your pregnancy ends with giving life  +  You may feel good and positive about your choice  +  You will remember giving birth  +  You will have plenty of time to plan your and your baby's future  +  You can hold, name, and love your baby  +  You can have continued contact with your child

Abortion  +  Your pregnancy ends with death  +  You may feel guilt and shame about your choice  +  You will remember taking a life  +  Abortion is final; you can’t reverse your decision  +  You will never know or treasure your baby  +    You will miss the opportunity to see your child develop

What Is A Aborton ?
Abortion is a surgical or medical procedure that puts an end to a pregnancy. It is performed by a licensed physician.

In addition to the moral, ethical, religious, and personal debates about abortion, there are very definite legal and medical considerations:

Elective abortion is not legal everywhere;

Parental consent is required for minors in many jurisdictions;

Abortion and the aftermath can result in a subsequent inability to carry a pregnancy to term;

Abortion can result in secondary infertility;

Abortion is generally undertaken during the very beginnings of a pregnancy, while many women are still unsure if they're pregnant, undecided about their directions, or in denial about the pregnancy

Abortion can result in the woman's death.

Since 1973, Over 54+ Million Legal Abortions Have Been Performed in the United States.                                                               Number of abortions in United States According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), there were 820,151 legal induced abortions in the US in 2005.                                                         In 2004, the rates of abortion by ethnicity in the U.S. were 50 abortions per 1,000 black women, 28 abortions per 1,000 Hispanic women, and 11 abortions per 1,000 white women.

Abortions and ethnicity Abortion rates are much more common among minority women in the U.S. In 2000-2001, the rates among black and Hispanic women were 49 per 1,000 and 33 per 1,000, respectively, vs. 13 per 1,000 among non-Hispanic white women. Note that this figure includes all women of reproductive age, including women that are not pregnant. In other words, these abortion rates reflect the rate at which U.S. women of reproductive age have an abortion each year.

Reasons for abortionsIn 2000, cases of rape or incest accounted for 1% of abortions. Another study, in 1998, revealed that in 1987-1988 women reported the following reasons for choosing an abortion: + 25.5% Want to postpone childbearing + 21.3% Cannot afford a baby + 14.1% Has relationship problem or partner does not want pregnancy + 12.2% Too young; parent(s) or other(s) object to pregnancy + 10.8% Having a child will disrupt education or job + 7.9% Want no (more) children + 3.3% Risk to fetal health + 2.8% Risk to maternal health + 2.1% Other

According to a 1987 study that included specific data about late abortions (i.e. abortions “at 16 or more weeks' gestation”)  women reported that various reasons contributed to their having a late abortion: + 71% Woman didn't recognize she was pregnant or mis- judged gestation + 48% Woman found it hard to make arrangements for abortion + 33% Woman was afraid to tell her partner or parents + 24% Woman took time to decide to have an abortion + 8% Woman waited for her relationship to change + 8% Someone pressured woman not to have abortion + 6% Something changed after woman became pregnant + 6% Woman didn't know timing is important + 5% Woman didn't know she could get an abortion + 2% A fetal problem was diagnosed late in pregnancy +11% Other.

Other. When women have abortions (by gestational age) Abortion in the United States by gestational age, 2004. (Data source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Unborn Child Pain Awareness Act tells it all As of November 6th, 2006

Note that only 7 Democrats in the entire
nation even stand behind legislation that would notify women, that when a doctor reaches in and crushes the skull of her baby with cold metal forcipes - the tiny baby DOES feel unbelievable pain, as this real, feeling, human being is being murdered...

Congressional Legislation

Unborn Child Pain Awareness Act + Bill # H.R.4420

Original Sponsor: + Christopher Smith (R-NJ 4th)

Cosponsor Total: 110 + (last sponsor added 10/08/2004)
7 Democrats
103 Republicans

About This Legislation:
To ensure that women seeking an abortion are fully informed regarding the pain experienced by their unborn child.

Unborn children can experience pain, and they can certainly respond to touch from outside the womb. Any woman who has been blessed with carrying a baby in the second trimester can tell you this.

To address this issue, U.S. Christopher H. Smith [NJ] has introduced--with 63 cosponsors--the Unborn Child Pain Awareness Act (H.R.4420), which would require those who perform abortions on unborn children 20 weeks after fertilization to inform the woman seeking an abortion of the medical evidence that the unborn child feels pain--

a. through a verbal statement given by the abortion provider, and also

b. by providing a brochure--developed by the Department of Health and Human Services--that goes into more detail than the verbal statement on the medical evidence of pain experienced by an unborn child 20 weeks after fertilization

The bill would also ensure that the woman, if she chooses to continue with the abortion procedure after being given the medical information, has the option of choosing anesthesia for the child, so that the unborn child's pain is less severe.

Birth of an Angel

Angels Once upon a time there was a child ready to be born.  So one day, she asked God:


They tell me you are sending me to earth tomorrow, but how am I going to live there being so small and helpless?
Among the many angels, I chose one for you.  She'll be waiting for you and will take care of you.

But, tell me, here in Heaven, I don't do anything else but sing and smile - that's enough for me to be happy.
Your angel will sing for you and will also smile for you everyday.  And you will feel your angel's love and be happy.

And how am I going to be able to understand when people talk to me, if I don't know the language men talk?
Your angel will tell you the most beautiful and sweet words you will ever hear, and with much patience and care, your angel will teach you how to speak.

And what am I going to do when I want to talk to you?
Your angel will place your hands together and teach you how to pray.

I've heard that on earth there are bad men.  Who will protect me?
Your angel will defend you - even if it means risking her life.

But I will always be sad because I will not see you anymore.
Your angel will always talk to you about me and will teach you the way for you to come back to me - even though I will always be next to you.

At that moment, there was much peace in heaven.  But voices from earth could already be heard and the child, in a hurry, asked softly:


Oh, God, if I'm about to leave now, please tell me my angel's name.
Your angel's name is of no importance.  You will just call your angel, "Mommy".

Abortion Methods Described (Plus, Misleading Claims about Abortion 2010)

Suction Abortion:

Used during the first three months of pregnancy - A suction tube (27 times stronger than a home vacuum cleaner) is inserted into the womb. The powerful suction tears the baby apart limb from limb and sucks it from the womb along with the placenta. The baby's remains are deposited into an attached waste bottle.

Dilation and Curettage (D&C):

Used at the end of the third month of pregnancy (approximately 12 weeks) - The cervix is dialated, ring forceps are inserted into the womb and the baby is extracted piece by piece. Then a curette (a sharp knife in a loop shape) is inserted and used to scrape away any of the baby or the placenta that remains. Profuse bleeding follows.

Dilation and Extraction (D&E):

Used after 13 weeks - The cervix is dialated and the unborn child is dismembered with plier-like forceps. Force is needed to pull the baby apart. The instrument is used to seize a leg or other part of the body and then, with a twisting motion, tear it from the baby's body. The baby's spine is snapped and the skull crushed. After the baby parts are removed, they are reassembled outside the womb to be sure all are removed. Frequently baby parts are left inside the mother's womb. This can cause serious complications and sometimes death.

Help is available for women who have been injured by abortion or for the families of women who have died from abortion. You can read about tragic abortion injury cases and find out who to call for legal help by clicking: Abortion Injuries or Deaths? Call: 1-800-U-CAN-SUE.

Partial-Birth Abortion:

Partial-Birth Abortions are used from the 4th month through the end of the 9th month of pregnancy. These late-term abortions are regularly used to kill healthy babies that pose no danger or threat to their mother.

For this abortion, the abortionist uses ultrasound to locate the unborn baby's legs. Forceps are then used to pull the baby's legs through the birth canal, delivering the baby feet first, except for the head. Scissors are then used to puncture the base of the back of the head. A suction device is then inserted to suction out the baby's brain so the skull will easily collapse. The dead baby is then removed.

Congress and the Senate voted twice to outlaw these gruesome abortions. Unfortunately, President Clinton wants them to remain legal and he vetoed the bill both times the legislation was sent to him for his signature. Because of President Clinton's two vetoes, this horrifying method of child-killing remains legal today.

Why would Clinton veto a ban on Partial-Birth Abortion when so many doctors and medical professionals were recommending that they be outlawed? The American medical Association's Council on Legislation voted UNANIMOUSLY to recommend to the AMA Board of Trustees to endorse the Ban on Partial-Birth Abortions.

Former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, along with hundreds of physicians and the Physicians' Ad Hoc Coalition for Truth (PHACT) said that this "procedure" is never necessary to save the life of the mother.

Dr. Nancy Romer, FACOG, Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Miami Valley Hospital in Ohio said, "People deserve to know that the partial-birth abortion is never medically indicated either to save the health of a woman or preserve her future fertility."

Dr. Martin Haskell, an abortionist who specializes in these late-term abortions, has admitted to performing over 1,000 of these abortions. He stated in a recorded interview with the American Medical News (the official newspaper of the AMA) that: "In my particular case, probably 20% (of these procedures) are for genetic reasons. And the other 80% are purely elective." That means in 80% (that's over 800 babies) there was no health risk for the mother and the baby had no handicaps.

It has been documented that thousands of these abortions are performed each year. A New Jersey newspaper reporter with the Bergen County Record discovered and reported that 1,500 babies are killed each year by partial-birth abortion at one New Jersey "Hospital" alone.

It's hard to know exactly how many of these abortions are performed each year, but we do know that the Centers for Disease Control reported there are over 17,000 abortions performed each year on babies older than 4 1/2 months gestation. Whether it's partial-birth abortion, or some other barbaric method, it's a tragic holocaust.

If you would like to voice your outrage over these late-term abortions, please call the abortion telephone poll at 1-900-PRO-LIFE. You can find information about the telephone poll on our website by clicking 1-900-PRO-LIFE telephone poll.

Saline amniocentesis:

Used after 16 weeks - A concentrated salt solution is injected with an amniocenteses needle into the amniotic fluid. The baby breathes and swallows it and dies over an hour later of acute salt poisoning. The mother then delivers a dead burned baby. Use has declined because of dangers for the mother and sometimes the baby survives.

Prostaglandin:

Used late-term - Prostaglandin is injected into the amniotic sac causing premature labor and delivery of a dead baby

Inter-cardiac injections:

Poison is injected into the chest or heart of the fetus via a long needle inserted through the mother’s abdomen. The dead baby is absorbed. Sometimes this results in the loss of all the babies when using this method for "pregnancy reduction" with multi-fetal pregnancies.

Chemical Abortions: The Pill, RU486, methotrexate, Norplant, IUD’s, prostaglandin’s, and Depo Provera all cause early abortions. You may not be aware of the fact that the Pill has a "back up" abortifacient action that works to kill a baby very early in its development if ovulation occurs and conception takes place. With some of the new "mini-pills," scientific research shows that ovulation takes place in 67-81% of the women who use these "birth control pills."

Dr. Ronald Chez, a scientist at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), publicly stated that the new Pills of today, with their lower estrogen dose, allow ovulation up to 50% of the time! It is estimated that Chemical "Contraceptives" cause between 7 to 12 million early abortions each year in America (Source: Study of Abortion Deaths Ad Hoc Commission 1995). Most women using the Pill (and other "birth control" methods listed above) do not know they can become pregnant and have early abortions.

What About A Safe Abortion? Is there any such thing? Obviously it certainly isn't safe for the baby, and it invades the mother's body by forcing open the cervix long before it is ready. This can be very painful. Sometimes the cervix is permanently damaged, making it difficult or impossible for the woman to carry a future baby to term. The sharp instruments that are used can perforate the uterus resulting in hemorrhaging, infection, scarring, damage to surrounding organs and sterility. Some women have aborted the only baby they will ever be able to bear. Abortion increases the risk of breast cancer, especially when a first pregnancy is aborted. If an emergency occurs during an abortion, the woman is taken to the hospital in a private car without the first aid equipment of an ambulance because the clinic does not want the negative publicity of an ambulance at its back door. The hospital personnel are not required to list abortion as the cause of the woman's injuries, so there is a lot of cover up, denial and fear that goes on. Even in women who have no apparent physical damage from abortion there is a high incidence of depression, low self-worth, self doubt, guilt, nightmares, trouble in relationships and even suicidal thoughts.

If circumstances are making your pregnancy difficult let us relieve and support you. You are not alone. There are many people who care about you and your baby who are willing to stand with you and help you find the courage and resources to give your baby life. All our services are free. Ask For Help or 911

What is a laminaria?

This is a small bit of dehydrated material inserted into the cervix one day in advance. If you have had a laminaria inserted, please go immediatly to a hospital for removal by a physician.

How does the pill work?

There are two types of birth control pills on the market today. The type most commonly used are called combined pills because they contain a combination of two horomoes (a synthetic estrogen and progestin). The other type, which is much less commonly used, contains only progestion.

Combined pills work the following ways:They usually, but not always, prevent ovulation They cause changes in the cervical mucous making it difficult for sperm to reach an egg They change the lining of the uterus in such a way that if the conception occurs, implantation of the newly-conceived human being is hindered
The primary purose of the combined pill is to prevent conception. However, if conception occurs, then an early abortion is very likely to take place.

Most women who use the combined pill are probably not aware of its abortive potential. Surely some women would not want to use the Pill if they knew that it can at times, work by causing a very early abortion.

Does the progestin-only pill work the same way?

Pills that contain only progestin (often called "mini-pills") are nto very effective in preventing ovulation. Therefore, they hunder sperm from reaching an egg (contraceptive action), and hinder implantation of a newly conceived human being (abortive action).

What about IUD?

There is little doubt that intrauterine devices (IUD's) work most of the time by causing early abortions. The IUD's primary purpose is to prevent a newly-conceived human being from implanting or remaining implanted in the uterus.

What is Natural Family Planning?

"Natural Family Planning" (NFP) relies upon the wife's understanding of her body's natural functions to determine when during her monthly cycle, she is fertile. Abstinence would be required during this fertile perious to avoide pregnancy. NFP requires no drugs or devices and unlike the Pill and IUS, is 100% medically safe. It is morally acceptable to major religious faiths. Instruction in the use of NFP is available in the Rochester area.

Studies have shown the Sympto-Thermal Method (one form of NFP) to be 99% effective in avoiding pregnancy for those who are motivated and properly instructed. Since NFP involves knowing when the fertile period occurs, it has been used by married couples not only to space their children, but also to help in concieving a child.

What is Chastity?

Chastity is a beautiful virtue in which sexual intimacy is reserved for marriage. Yet it is more than that. it is an attitude and a way of living. Chastity influences the way you dress, look at, talk about, and treat members of the opposite sex.

There are many good and practical reasons for reserving sexual intercourse for marriage: e.g. avoiding the worry of pregnancy, feeling guilty, being used, and contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Most of all, God wants us to reserve sexual intimacy for marriage. We know from the Bible that chastity and modesty are value that God wants us to practice in our lives.

Surley, in our sexually permissive society, practicing chastity may be difficult, but absolutely safe and rewarding.

Misleading Claims about Abortion . . .
Claim: "It's my body."

Answer: A woman's body does not have two beating hearts, two blood types, two heads, four eyes, four arms, and four legs. A pregnant woman and her baby have all this and more. And what about when she's pregnant with a male baby? That's not her body . . . it's a unique, baby boy growing in her womb.

Claim: "It's only a fetus."

Answer: FACT: A fetus is a human being..... Fetus -- literally meaning "little one" in Latin -- refers to the pre-born baby after eight week's gestation. Webster's Dictionary says a fetus has, "passed the early stages of development and attained the basic final form prior to parturition (birth)." Some people seem to have forgotten they once lived and grew in the womb as a "fetus." Would it have been okay if they had been aborted when they were "only a fetus?"

Claim: "Abortion is legal, therefore, it must be right."

Answer: The U.S. Supreme Court has been wrong on many major decisions and then overturned itself. Remember the Dred Scott case on slavery? If the Supreme Court suddenly declared child abuse or rape legal, would that make them right? Would we ignore such injustices and do nothing to protect the innocent?

Claim: "Freedom of Choice" - It's a woman's "right to choose!"

Answer: How can anyone claim they have the "freedom" or "right" to kill an innocent baby? The only "choice" in abortion is between a dead baby and a live baby. Furthermore, advocates who defend this "choice" are not consistent. Why is it only in the case of abortion they argue that "choice" should be absolute? Using the same rationale, wouldn't people have the right to "choose" to use drugs ("it's my body") or the right to "choose" to practice prostitution? Humane societies don't tell people they have a "Freedom of Choice" to kill their own children. There are right choices and wrong choices. In recent history, millions of innocent people died because of terribly wrong choices which slave owners and Nazis thought they had a "right" to make. Terrible choices have led to dead slaves, dead Jews, and dead babies.

Claim: "The government shouldn't interfere."

Answer: Our Declaration of Independence declares that each of us has an "inalienable right to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness." Thomas Jefferson defined government's role, "The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only object of good government." Government should protect all of us, especially before we are born, when we are most vulnerable.

Claim: "Poor women need public funds (your tax money) to pay for abortions so they're not be discriminated against."

Answer: The rich can readily afford cocaine and prostitutes. Should taxpayers also be forced to buy these for the poor? The bottom line is that abortion is the worst form of child abuse. It kills a baby and wounds the mother for life. If the poor cannot afford abortions, they and their children are blessed not to become victims of this bloody holocaust.

Claim: "I'm personally opposed to abortion, but I would not impose my morality on others."

Answer: What about other moral issues like rape, robbery, child abuse, arson and murder? What if politicians said, "I'm personally opposed, but . .. ." They'd be kicked out of office on the spot! What about slavery? If abolitionists had bought this "personally opposed, but" argument, some states could still be saddled with slavery today. Every law ever passed sets standards which reflect someone's (or a body of lawmakers') morality. A politician who won't vote against something he/she is morally opposed to doesn't have an ounce of honesty in his/her blood.

Claim: Privacy - "In 1973, The Supreme Court said women have a "constitutional right" to privacy on abortion."

Answer: The Court has been wrong before and it is wrong on this decision. Nobody has a right to injure or kill another person "privately." Does a "right to privacy" also protect parents who abuse, molest or kill their born children in the "privacy" of their home? Why not? What about their "privacy?" How is it that Roe v. Wade determined that unborn children are not "persons" even though they have the right to inherit property, the right to be protected from a drug-addicted mother, the right not to be killed by a drunk driver, and many other rights. Some states have entire sections of law outlining Crimes Against Unborn Children in which they are protected from negligent or willful harm or death from conception on.

Claim: "Dred Scott and Roe v. Wade aren't comparable."

Answer: Yes, they are comparable in that the Supreme Court was wrong to deny inalienable rights in both cases. The Dred Scott decision of 1857 upheld slavery as legal. That was wrong. It decreed that black people are the private property of the slave owners. This was a grave error made by the Supreme Court, denying African-Americans one of their most fundamental human rights -- the right to Liberty. In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court erred again by denying a whole class of human beings (pre-born babies) the most fundamental right -- the right to Life.

Claim: "If legal abortions are banned, women will resort to dangerous back alley abortions."

Answer: In 1972, the year before the Supreme Court legalized abortion, a total of 39 women died from illegal abortions, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Dr. Bernard Nathanson, co-founder of NARAL (National Abortion Rights Action League), admits his group lied and inflated the number of women who died from illegal abortion when testifying before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1972: "We spoke of 5,000 - 10,000 deaths a year. I confess that I knew the figures were totally false . . . it was a useful figure, widely accepted, so why go out of our way to correct it with honest statistics?" Claims that abortion became safer for women after it was legalized fail to acknowledge that large numbers of women are physically injured or killed by so-called "safe and legal" abortions every year. The book "Lime 5" documents 230 cases of women injured or killed by abortion or sexually assaulted by their abortionists (see page 18 and www.prolife.com for details). Former abortion provider Carol Everett states, "In the last 18 months I was in business (Everett ran four abortion centers in Texas in 1982), we were completing 500 abortions monthly and killing or maiming one woman out of 500."

Claim: Rape & incest - "Abortion should be legal to end a pregnancy resulting from rape or incest."

Answer: It's important to remember that the child conceived in rape, or incest, is no less human than any other child. Dr. David Reardon points

Claim: "It's a woman's issue. Men should have no say."

Answer: Every baby has a mother and a father. Why should fathers be denied their parental rights? Men have a natural instinct to defend the innocent and the weak. More than half of America's pro-life movement is made up of women who want men to join their cause. Many women became pro-life after discovering their abortion was a terrible mistake. They know how painful abortion is from first hand experience and many ask men to get involved so fewer women and babies will become victims of abortion.

Out that abortion is the very worst "solution" that can be offered to the pregnant woman at this crisis time in her life. Abortion compounds her problems. Abortion makes her an aggressor against her own innocent child and it never makes the painful memories of rape go away. If a small child were killed in the street by a negligent driver and it was later determined that the child had been conceived in rape, would the driver be held less responsible? Is that child's death less tragic?

Legal Abortions Performed in the United States Annually From About 1973 To Feb. 14 2014                                                                        Note: Not all states reported for each year.          See citation for list of states not reporting.)                                          
Since 1973, Over 54+ Million Legal Abortions Have Been Performed in the United States.    This Website is Neutral About This Issues Etc.

Since 1973, Over 54+ Million Legal Abortions Have Been Performed in the United States.


SOME OF THE PICTURES BELOW COULD MAKE SOME IF NOT ALL PEOPLE SICK
CHILDREN SHOULD NOT PROCEED BEYOND THIS POINT + ALL PERSON BEWARE








They crush their skulls and pull apart their little bodies apart from limb-to-limb...









THE END OF ALL LIFE ON THIS EARTH ? + DEAD BABY ALL OVER THIS WORLD ! 

On Sept. 11th, 2001, A terrorists killed 3000+ innocent people who were peaceably trying to live their lives. On that same day, 3500 sweet babies just like + Jane Doe ?  died from abortion in America. This, all at a time when there are lines of people, all waiting to adopt these holy innocents.  Every day, over 3500+ babies are murdered by abortion in the United States.  That's over 1.2 million abortions body every year.

 Hitler and Abortion  Rights Laws Born April 20 1889 + April 30 1945
When the Nazis came to power in 1933 one of the first acts Hitler did was to legalize abortion. By 1935 Germany with 65 million people was the place where over 500,000 abortions were being performed each year. Although Hitler and his government encourged Aryan women to produce a lot of children, he left the matter of abortion and all its facets in the hands of a decidely pro- abortion medical establishment. Even in the midst of Nazi propaganda aimed at increasing the Aryan population, scores of Aryan women still chose to abort their unborn children. The medical publication Deutsches Aerzleblatt reported the abortions in Germany each year reached a half-million.

Further, a Nazi decree of October 19, 1941 established abortion on demand as the official policy of Poland. Hitler, however, expressed dissatisfaction with this policy. Abortion, he believed, should NOT be limited to Poland. He therefore ordered that abortion be expanded to all populations under the control of the "Ministry of the Occupied Territories of the East."

On July 22, 1942, the Fuhrer exhibited a highly positive attitude towards abortion as an indispensable method of dealing with the non-German populations in countries under Nazi control. "In view of the large families of the native populations," he asserted, "it could only suit us if girls and women there had as many abortions as possible." Hitler also personally announced that he "would personally shoot" any "such idiot" who "tried to put into practice such an order (forbidding abortion) in the occupied Eastern territories.

Despite contemporary attempts to characterize Hitler as opposed to abortion, the historical evidence clearly and overwhelmingly supports only one possible conclusion: Hitler and his regime were adamantly pro-abortion. To depict Hitler as anti-abortion is a ludicrous as calling him anti-genocide or pro- Jewish. Both Hitler and his government had little regard for human life perceived as subpar, whether born or preborn.

"Questions

1. If Hitler was opposed to abortion, why didn't he demand that Germany's strong law protective of human life before birth (enacted in 1871) be ratained?

2. If Hitler was opposed to abortion, why did he leave the matter of abortion in the hands of the most vociferous pro-abortion physicians and medical organizations in Germany?

3. If Hitler was opposed to abortion, why did he permit the establishment of guidelines and procedures for legal abortion in close conformity to those developed by the Berlin Chamber of Physicians, a prominent advocate of permisssive abortion under the guise of health?

4. If the Nazi government had such restrictive laws on abortion, why were there at least half-a-million abortions performed annually in Germany?

5. If Hitler was opposed to abortion, why did he say that 'in view of the large families of native population it could only suit us if girls and women there had as many abortions as possible'?

6. If Hitler was opposed to abortion, why did he order that abortion on demand be instituted as the prevailing policy for all countries under Nazi domination?

7. If Hitler was opposed to abortion, why did he threaten to shoot anyone who attempted to forbid abortions in Nazi occupied areas?

8. If the Nazi government was opposed to abortion, why did it issue an endless series of decrees legalizing the destruction of the unborn throughout the Eastern territories?" At risk of stating the obvious, some (perhaps, many) of the aborted were JEWS.


What the Ku Klux Klan + Could Only Dream About In the U.S.A. + The Abortion Industry Is Accomplishing Daily + That's Over 1.2 Million Abortions Every Year. 
 
American blacks should be made aware what is happening to them.  More black babies have been aborted than have ever died in the U.S.  In 1996, the most recent year for which abortion statistics are available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were approximately 1,221,585 abortions performed in the United States.  Since 1973, approx 13 million black babies have been killed by abortion.   Also since Since 1973, abortion has reduced the black population by over 25 percent.  Twice as many African-Americans have died from abortion than have died from AIDS, accidents, violent crimes, cancer, and heart disease combined. Planned Parenhood operates the nation's largest chain (nearly nearly 850 death centers) of abortion clinics and almost 80 percent of its facilities are located in minority neighborhoods.  
About 13 percent of American women are black, but they submit to over 35 percent of the abortions. Liberal Democrats smile in your face and court Black votes; while managing to kill youWithout abortion, America's African-American population of 42 million people would be about 35% larger today. 

Who is responsible for this?  The same political party who always courts African-American votes, which blacks have always voted for.  The Democratic party is without a doubt the force behind this murder of America's babies, and especially African-American babies.  Yet blacks seem blind to this.  John Kerry, Ted Kennedy and nearly all Democrats admit they are for abortion.  Who can doubt the Democrat resolve to sustain and advance abortion after watching any Supreme Court nomination proceeding?  Then, why do African-American continue to vote Democrat, which means their demise?

We are facing a plague of massive proportions, a plague made more sinister because it attacks not only adults but our youth. What is this crisis? It is a pandemic of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that is encouraged by a message of "safe sex" and an adult population that acts as if self-control and traditional morality are outdated and without value.

Society focuses on the increase in out-of-wedlock and teen births. Meanwhile STDs tear through our youth and adult population at alarming and deadly rates. Pregnancy is seldom fatal (except for aborted babies), but the STDs of today are. They are "not your father's" STDs, which were few and easily cured with penicillin (see sidebar).
        In the 1960s, syphilis and gonorrhea were the two most prevalent STDs; today, there are more than 20 and some have as many as 80--100 strains. Despite the fitting publicity that the deadly epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune disorder syndrome (HIV/AIDS) commands, according to research at the University of New Mexico, human papilloma virus (HPV), not HIV, is the most common STD transmitted today.
        What is the magnitude of the problem? According to recent testimony before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, "Three to four million STDs are contracted yearly by 15- to 19-year-olds, and another five to six million STDs are contracted annually by 20- to 24-year-olds."
        Perhaps the most tragic aspect of this plague is the role adults play in it. Failures by grown-ups are the primary cause of the pandemic among our youth. Adults are failing our children by promoting a fatal message about sex: both in education and in actions. Youth are allowed to believe that there is such a thing as safe sex outside of marriage and that any sexual practice is acceptable as long as the participants are smiling.

Marketing sex

Billboards, TV, magazines, movies, and catalogs promote the message that sex is the way to be cool, to fit in, to solve life's challenges. Today, the initial onset of sexual activity is occurring at younger ages, while couples delay the decision to marry or prefer cohabitation. Dr. Meg Meeker, a pediatrician and author of Epidemic: How Teen Sex Is Killing Our Kids, reports that half of all students in the ninth through twelfth grades have had sexual intercourse. Additionally, the average age for the onset of puberty in girls has dropped from 12 to 10.
        There are physical and emotional consequences of engaging in sexual activity outside of marriage. Unwed childbearing costs American taxpayers $29 billion a year in social services, lost tax revenue, and the consequences of delinquency and poverty among teenage parents. These teens will enter adulthood disadvantaged and will convey this disadvantage to their children.
        In 1960, 15 percent of teen births in the United States were out-of-wedlock. More recently, despite the reduction in teen pregnancy, the out-of-wedlock birthrate was 78 percent among teens, according to the National Center for Health Statistics (2000).
        Meanwhile, the No. 1 indicator of poverty in our nation is single-parent households among 15- to 19-year-olds. Ninety percent of these young people will never attend college. Eighty percent of women who choose to parent while they are teens will live at the poverty level for 10 years or more.
        Linda Waite, professor of urban sociology at the University of Chicago, and Maggie Gallagher, affiliate scholar at the Institute for American Values, have found that children born to unmarried mothers are more likely to die in infancy. Boys raised in single-parent homes are twice as likely to commit a crime that leads to incarceration by their early thirties.
        Adolescents raised by single parents or stepfamilies are more likely to engage in sexual intercourse and to be sexually active at an earlier age, according to Dawn M. Upchurch, professor at the UCLA School of Public Health. None of this takes into account the impact of postabortive trauma or the emotional trauma of making tough decisions to allow adoption so that the child will have better opportunities.
        The data are stark, but the true disaster is the damage wreaked by STDs. A girl is four times more likely to contract an STD than she is to become pregnant. Today, it is likely that a young mother has on average 2.3 STDs. Syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, hepatitis A and B, HIV, and HPV are the most common. Many of the viral STDs have multiple strains.

 STDs: Yesterday and Today

The basic types of organisms responsible for STDs are bacteria, parasites, and viruses. Bacterial diseases are treatable with antibiotics such as penicillin, but the organism often develops a resistance to the antibiotic, complicating treatment. Most parasitic diseases are treatable, but viruses often remain in the host for life. Many produce symptoms with a secondary impact to the host--a reduced immune system, stress, or another infection. There are no known cures for viruses, and many hosts infected with them exhibit no symptoms.
        In 1960 there were 5 primary STDs: gonorrhea, syphilis, granuloma inguinale, chancroid, and lymphogranuloma venereum. Today there are over 20. Unless otherwise noted, the following figures refer to the United States.
        Herpes simplex virus (HSV) Types I and II--Genital herpes results from viral infection transmitted through intimate contact with the moist mucous lining of the genitals. Once in the body it remains, and there is no cure. A rash or ulcerations may be exhibited. Genital herpes can be transmitted without the host experiencing symptoms. Only 80 percent of those infected will test positive for the virus.
        Human papilloma virus (HPV)--HPV is the most commonly transmitted STD. There are between 80 and 100 strains of the virus. Some cause genital warts, but the strains that cause cervical cancer and were recently linked to anal cancer do not produce symptoms in the host. HPV is spread through skin-to-skin contact.
        Gonorrhea--A bacterial infection, gonorrhea is one of the oldest STDs. Estimates are that over 1 million women are infected with gonorrhea-causing bacteria, which infect the vagina, cervix, urethra, throat, and rectum. The disease is treatable.
        Syphilis--A chronic disease, syphilis is caused by a bacterial spirochete that bores into the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals. It is treatable but in the secondary stage is highly contagious, with a rash on the hands that can be transmitted through casual contact.
        Chlamydia--A bacterial infection, first reported in 1984, chlamydia affects an estimated 3--5 million women annually. It infects the cervix, urethra, throat, and rectum. While treatable, it is highly destructive to the fallopian tubes and can cause infertility or ectopic pregnancies.
        Human herpes virus 8 (HHV8)--HHV8 is a virus associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, an unusual skin tumor usually found in HIV-infected men. While the virus has been found in the semen of HIV-infected men, its impact is yet to be determined.
        Trichomoniasis--Caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, a sexually transmitted parasite, trichomoniasis affects approximately 5 million people annually.
        HIV/AIDS--Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. An HIV infection weakens the body's immune system and increases the body's vulnerability to many infections as well as the development of certain cancers. AIDS is one of the most frightening of the STDs because it is the most uniformly fatal of the group.
        Hepatitis A, B, C*, D*--These viruses cause inflammation of the liver and can lead to cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. The B virus form is transmitted through sexual intimacy in about 30 percent of the cases. The C form is spread mainly through blood contact, although it has been spread through semen.
        Chancroid--One of the older bacterial STDs, chancroid is usually diagnosed through a culture of the ulcer. It must be distinguished from syphilis or herpes. All partners should be treated whether or not the ulcer was present at the time of exposure.
        Lymphogranuloma venereum--Caused by a type of chlamydia, this disease affects the genitals, anus, or rectum. Another strain of the bacteria affects the urethra and can coexist with the former. Both are treatable with an oral antibiotic.
        Donovanosis (granuloma inguinale)--A chronic bacterial infection of the genitals that is found in tropical areas, donovanosis can cause severe complications if left untreated. Molluscum contagiosum--A common noncancerous skin growth, molluscum is caused by a viral infection in the top layers of the skin. The growths are similar to warts but are caused by a different virus. The virus and growths are easily spread by skin contact.
        Ureaplasma urealyticum--A bacterial infection, generally asymptomatic in nature, ureaplasma is sexually transmitted between partners. The bacteria can survive undetected in the reproductive tract for many years, until a patient is specifically tested for the infection. Although generally asymptomatic, ureaplasma can lead to fertility problems including tubal disease, recurrent miscarriages, decreased sperm motility and count, and poor postcoital tests.
        Shigellosis* and salmonellosis*--These bacterial infections cause diarrhea and are spread through contamination from the stool or soiled fingers of one person to the mouth of another. These are STDs common among men having sex with men.
        Cytomegalovirus*--An asymptomatic disease, cytomegalovirus is caused by a virus that usually remains dormant in the body for life. Severe impairment of the immune system by medication or disease reactivates it. Infectious CMV may be shed in the bodily fluids of any infected person and thus may be found in urine, saliva, blood, tears, semen, and breast milk.
        Giardiasis*--A diarrheal illness, giardiasis is caused by a one-celled, microscopic parasite that lives in the intestines of people and animals and is passed in the stool. The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods. Giardiasis is more common at present among homosexuals, as it may be spread through oral-anal sexual contact.
        Amoebiasis*--Caused by a one-celled parasite, amoebiasis is most commonly found in Mexico, South America, India, and South and West Africa. The parasite is harbored in the human intestinal tract and is passed along by contamination of food and water or by anal or anal/oral sex.
        Bacterial vaginosis*--The condition is caused by excessive bacteria that may normally be present in the vagina. It is not clear whether it is sexually transmitted, but it is associated with other sexually transmitted diseases. Bacterial vaginosis is more common in women with multiple sexual partners, and it often develops soon after intercourse with a new partner. The disorder is relatively common among women with female partners, where the condition may be triggered by the insertion of fingers or shared sex toys.

*Sexual transmission occurs but is not the primary mode of transmission.


Abortion Abortion is the deliberate killing of the weakest and most defenseless among us. Unfortunately, for the last few decades, the practice has been recognized as a fundamental human right by the highest court of the land. Many people are fervent supporters of abortion. Their reasons for support are varied. However, I believe that support for abortion is not possible for those who understand our dignity as human persons under God. We were made by God, and it is from Him that we derive our worth.

The debate over abortion, then, is really a debate over our nature as human creatures. Who are we? Why is life important? It was while grappling with these questions that I created this website. To advance in understanding is hard work. It is important to think clearly. My fervent hope is that what is said here will help clarify the issues for those who fight for the unborn and will, therefore, in however small a way, be used for the glory of God.

What do you think about abortion? Most people try not to think about it. They wish to avoid the overwhelming horrible reality. Abortion is an intentional violent act that kills an unborn baby. Without any anesthesia, the baby is dismembered, torn apart, and vacuumed out of the mother. In the case of a near-term or partial-birth abortion, the baby is turned around and pulled partially out with its head still inside the mother. The abortionist then plunges a sharp object into the back of its neck and vacuums out the brain. This is not a pleasant subject. It hurts to just imagine the horror. However, we must think about it in order to gather the courage needed to end it.What motivates an abortionist? What must they think as they slash and tear a baby apart or plunge a knife into its neck? Somehow, abortionists have become callused to the reality of their actions. Like Shakespeare’s Macbeth, they have blood on their hands, and it cannot be washed off. They are like gas chamber operators during Hitler’s holocaust. They are like slave traders who traded in human flesh during slavery.

Many people have become apathetic about abortion. Since they have already been born, abortion is no threat to them personally. Why should they care about someone else’s baby? If there is any lesson to be learned from September 11, 2001, it is that we should value and protect innocent human life even if it is not our own. This lack of value was the direct cause of the terrorist acts. Think about it. The terrorists and those who directed them had no value for the lives of the flight attendants whose throats were slashed or the innocent secretaries who frantically tried to leave those buildings.

This same lack of value for innocent human life is the direct cause of legalized abortion. You see, perhaps most who are pro-choice are not pro-choice for themselves. They would not even consider abortion for those they love. They are pro-choice for others. Choice is a convenient way to eliminate those "other" people. This deep dark truth is never discussed. These people advocate abortion in order to decrease the excess population. Of course, they themselves are not the excess population. It is always some other group like the poor or the innocent unborn babies.

If you are still unconvinced about the horror of legalized abortion, at the next opportunity pick up a little baby, hold it in your arms, gaze into its eyes and you will know the truth. All the pro-choice pro-abortion rhetoric that you have ever heard will melt away. Another truth is that it just is not natural for a mother to have an abortion. Instead, it is natural for a mother to love and care for her baby. This motherly instinct for nurturing and bonding should be encouraged. It is basic to our human society and it benefits us all. It should not be broken down by giving women an immoral choice of abortion.

I know that you will ask - What about those mothers who for some reason cannot love and care for their babies? Well, the choice should not be to keep or abort the baby. The choice should be to keep or give the baby away. Abortion clinics should be changed to adoption clinics. Surely most people would agree that a well-organized adoption system would be much better than our current abortion system.

Abortion is a tragedy not only for the unborn who will never experience life but for the mother also. The choice given to the mother is an immoral one. Rather than give a woman control over her body, choice creates the opportunity for exploitation. There is an older lady in my church who feels deep guilt even after 30 years because she stood by as her husband sent their daughter away to New York to have an abortion. This was in the days before Roe v. Wade and abortion was illegal in Texas. The lady says her daughter has suffered much since that event and has never found peace and happiness. So did the choice of abortion give the daughter control over her body or did her father use it to escape embarrassment? This is a real life example of the tragedy of abortion. Variations of this tragedy have been frequently repeated over the years. Millions of young and frightened mothers have been pressured to choose abortion to help men escape responsibility and embarrassment.

If we were able to stop legalized abortion tomorrow, most of the babies saved from abortion would be loved and cared for by their biological mother. Those mothers would end up being grateful for their child and glad that they did not have an abortion. Most of the rest of the children would be adopted by their extended family or by noble strangers. Indeed some would probably fall through the cracks and end up in foster homes or in orphanages. However, this is no reason to kill them. There is no doubt that in twenty or so years from now a vast majority of babies saved from abortion will be glad to be alive.

What do you think about abortion? I hope this paper will inspire you to stand up and speak out on the side of life. It is also important to register to vote and vote only for pro-life candidates. We who care hold the future of legalized abortion in our hands. Finally, if you know a young woman who is currently facing an abortion decision, be her friend. Encourage her to explore the abortion alternatives listed below.

Abortion Alternatives Call Birthright (1-800-550-4900) Call America's Crisis Pregnancy Helpline (1-888-4OPTIONS) Go to Pregnancy Centers Online www.pregnancycenters.org  Find the Crisis Pregnancy Center closest to you. Adoption Information www.adoption.com
Act of Life

History of AbortionThis section explores the history of abortion.  It looks at times and events, but especially at arguments used by abortionists and their opponents.  Some of the arguments are heated.  Some are measured and reserved.  One thing we learn, that the attack on human life is ongoing.  It is not unique to our age.  It is our hope that this look into the past will serve those fighting for life for the unborn and be used for the glory of God.English Court Transcript: 1732

Rex v. Beare

A court transcript from London, England, 1732.  Provides an insight into a certain Eleanor Merriman-Beare who was indicted two times "for destroying the Foetus in the Womb", and once for "endeavouring to persuade Nicholas Wilson to poison his Wife, and for giving him Poison for that End."

The Physicians' Crusade against Abortion (1857-1920)

The Lecture that started the successful "Physicians' Crusade Against Abortion"

Dr. David Humphreys Storer, in 1855, influenced a generation of doctors by giving a lecture in which he describes some of the problems that were caused by abortions.  The lecture influenced his son Horatio to start the crusade in 1857.  His lecture received little attention outside Boston, and it was not published until 1872.  

Why Not? A Book for Every Woman

An essay by Horatio Robinson Storer, M.D. written in 1865, was a prize essay for the American Medical Association and was published by Horatio --with the AMA-- in 1866 with later editions including 1868.  In this essay, Horatio gives an extensive background of induced abortions, their side affect on women, and why abortion should not be practiced.  

Pro-Life-Physician Horatio Robinson Storer: Your Ancestors, and You

An essay by Frederick N. Dyer, in which he describes a man by the name of Horatio Storer; who, with immense courage, stood up, and became outspoken about the horrors of abortion when silence was the norm; and he, with those actions, spearheaded the physicians' crusade against abortion.  

AMA Report on Criminal Abortion, 1859

The American Medical Association's report on criminal abortion is a direct effect of the movement against abortion among physicians.  

A Physician's Reply to the Solicitations of a Married Woman to Produce a Miscarriage for her. 

An anonymous physician who goes by the initials of D.H. wrote a letter to one of his patients --a patient who was considering an abortion.  The letter was then published in the Nashville Journal of Medicine and Surgery in May of 1876.  

Foeticide, or Criminal Abortion

A lecture that was given by Dr. Hugh L. Hodge in 1839 and again in 1854 to medical students at the University of Pennsylvania.  

Is Suicide Lawful?

A response from Ernest R. Null with the Bombay Examiner, March 8, 1916, to a question regarding suicide and its morality.



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