, , , , , , , ,
 
Westlaw Books Welcome
Citizens Court Watch !
Guestbook Sign In Log !
Important Court Cases
5 Disclaimer and Fair Use
Bad Judges And Courts !
Court System How Works
Radical Reference Info.
Words & Law Glossary !
Z Misc Information Etc.
42 USC 1983 A Lawsuits
5000 New Police Jobs ?
A Bomb 66 Yrs Later Info.
A Letter To NBA Owners
Abortion Facts And Info.
Abuse Of Court Powers
Accident/Hit and Run Etc.
Adopt A Kitten or Dog ?
Advanced Trial Handbook
Against Seizing Children
Aggravated Assault Etc.
Aiding & Abetting Info.
Aiding & Accessory Info.
Alcohol Crimes (DUI) Etc
Alcohol Crimes (DWI) Etc
Alcohol Getting Help Info.
Alienation Of Affection
Amerasian Children Info.
American Express Refund
Animal Cruelty & Rights
Apartment Rental Scams
Anamorphosis Pics Info.
Arrest Is It Legal Arrest ?
Arson and Fires Laws Info.
Assault and Battery Etc.
Asylum Canada’s  System
Attempt Crimes Laws Etc.
Attorney Client Privilege
Background Checks Info
Bankruptcy Options Info.
Beatings By Officers Info.
Bicycle Laws & Info. Etc.
Bigamy & Polygamy Laws
Bill Of Rights & Other ?
Bivens Action Lawsuits
Black Kittycat Law Books
Black Mail & How To Stop
Body of Missing People's
Breast Cancer Help Info.
 Brutality Excessive Force
Bribery Laws & Info. Etc.
Burglary Laws Info. Etc.
Cannibalism In The World
Case Numbering System
Censorship Rules Info. Etc.
Child Abandonment Etc.
Child Abuse Laws Info.
Children's Internet Act
Child Pornography Etc.
Child Support Laws Info.
Chinn, C. Bradley Bad J.
Christmas Peace Wish !
Citizens Court Watch !
Civil Forfeiture Laws Info.
Civil Rights Overview ?
Civil Rights Warning Etc.
Clear & Present Danger
Cohabitation Laws & Info.
Color of Law Abuses Etc.
Collateral Estoppel Info.
Common Law Info. Etc.
Complaints & Canons Etc.
Computer Crime &  Info.
Consortium, Loss Of Info.
Conspiracy Crime Info.
Constitution & Its Laws
Constitutional Law Info.
Contempt of Court Info.
Contempt of Cop Info.
Convicted Sex Offender
Cops Pulling You Over 4 ?
Copyright Patent Trade
Court System How Works
Court Forced Labor Info.
Couches 4 Rent Sex Info
Cozza, Salvatore  F. Bad
Credit / Debit Card Fraud
Credit 4 Time Served ?
Crimes A-Z Get Help Now
Crimes Against Justice ?
Crimes Against A Person
Criminal Contempt Court
Criminal Investigations
Civil Contempt of Court
Crimes Against Children
Criminal Rights Violations
Cyber Bullying Info. Etc.
Cyber Crimes Laws & Info.
Date Rape Info.Sex Etc.
Dating Black Mail Info.
Dating and Sex Info. Etc.
Death and Dying Info.
Death Penalty Laws Info.
Defamation Libel Slander
Deflowered by Police Info.
Dim Witted Persons Etc.
Disability Rights & Laws
Disorderly Conduct Etc.
Disturbing the Peace Etc.
Do Not Call 911 Info. ?
Do Not Call 911 Dot Com
Dog and Animal Abuse
Dog/Animal Bites & Info.
D.V. & Animal Abuse Etc.
Domestic Violence Etc.
Double Jeopardy Laws
Driver New Pay By Miles
 D.V. Consortium Info. !
Drug Charges & Info.
Drug Cultivation Etc.
Drug Distribution Etc.
Drugs Getting Help Info.
Drug Manufacturing Etc.
Drug Possession Etc.
Drug Trafficking Etc.
DSHS & APS & Get Help
DUI and DWI Laws Etc.
DUI & DWI After Arrest ?
E Bay & Craiglist Scams
E-Books Copyright Laws
Embezzlement Info. Etc.
Emergency Help Info.
Emergency Fire 911 Info.
Essays and Speeches
Expungement Laws Info.
Extortion Laws & Info.
Exemption From Laws
Exercise Your Rights Now.
False Advertising Laws
False Arrest Laws & Info
Feeding Homless Laws
Federal U.S Code & Laws
Federalism & Laws Info.
Feminism Laws & Info.
First Corinthians 7 Info.
First Date's Is It Safe ?
Fleecing of America !
Food Poisoning Info. Etc
Forgery Laws & Info. Etc.
Forced Guardianship Info.
Forced Labor & Its Laws
Forced Marriage Laws
Foster Care Laws & Info.
Fracking Regulations
Fraud Laws & Info. Etc.
Freedom Of Press Info.
Freedom of Speech Etc.
Friends Civil Rights Laws
Friend Of Court Brief
Funny To Scare Horses
Gangs Laws & Other Info.
Gang Rape Woman Laws
Gay Marriage Rights Etc.
Going Postal Get Help !
Glossary of Terms/ Words
Gonzaga Law School Etc
Good Samaritan Backfires
Grant Programs Info.
Guardian Ad Litem Info.
Guardianship Laws Info.
Guide To  File a Lawsuit
Gun Control Laws Etc.
Gun Rights In 4  U.S.A.
Guns Safety How To Info.
Habeas Corpus Laws Etc.
Harassment Laws & Info.
Hate Crimes Laws & Info.
Hearsay Evidence Case
Homeless Programs Etc.
Homicide Laws &  Info.
How To Bypass The Laws
How To Cook Babys Info
How To File a Lawsuit !
How to Self-Publish Book
How To Sue A Judge !
How The Courts Work
How The Courts Work ?
Human Trafficking Laws
Husband and Wife Laws
Hustler Mag v. Falwell
Identity Theft Info. Etc.
Indecent Exposure Etc.
Info. & Deaths Spokane
Injunction Rules & Laws
Insanity Defense Laws
Insurance Fraud Etc.
Intellectual Property Etc.
Intelligence Agency ?
Internet Laws Public Etc.
Internet Security Center
IRA Inheritance Laws
Jaywalking Laws & Info.
Judical Conduct (CJC)
Judical Immunity Rules
Judical Lawsuits Case's
Judicial / Legal Corruption
Judicaial Misconduct Info.
Judical Picnic 9/11 Ethics
Judicial Review & Laws
Judicial Trust Fund Info.
Jurisdiction Laws & Info.
Jurisprudence & Laws
Jury Duty Welcome Info.
Juvenile Law & Info.
Kidnapping Laws & Info.
Law Enforcement  Powers
Laws Suits Filling Info.
Lawyer Discipline Info. !
Layman Law Firm PLLP
Layman Bible Laws Etc.
Legal Research Internet
Life at Conception Act
Lithium Batteries Danger
Loan Pay Off How To
Magna Charta 1215  Text
Magna Carta Legal Info.
Mail Fraud & Scams
Mail Order Brides Info.
Mandatory Reporters Etc.
Manslaughter Involuntary
Manslaughter Voluntary
Marijuana & Cannabis Laws
Marital Rape Is A Crime ?
Medical Marijuana Info.
Mental State/ Defendant
MerryHallowThanksMas !
Millennials Generation Y
Minor in Possession (MIP)
Miranda Rights Warnings
Miranda v. Arizona ?
Misc Facts & Info. Etc.
Misc Files & Laws & Info.
Money Laundering Etc.
Mormon Polygamy Info.
Most Important Info. Etc.
Motorcycle Accidents Etc.
Murder First Degree Etc.
Murder Second Degree Etc.
My Constitutional R. Watch
Naked Children Laws
National Debt Figures US
No Contact Orders Info.
O'Connor, Kathleen M. B
Obscenity Laws & Info.
Open Container Law Etc.
Other Pink Thing ! 1973
Other White Meat/ Baby
Panhandler Ordinance
Pay Pal and Misc Scams
Pedestrian Accidents Etc.
Perjury In Court & Info.
Permanent Injunction Law
Pet Adopt & Laws Info.
Photography is Not Crime
Pharmaceutical Viagra !
Plea Bargains Laws/Info.
Pledge of Allegiance Etc.
Police Brutality &  Force
Police Crimes Info. Etc.
POLICE, FBI, CIA Info.
Police Misconduct & Info.
Police Misc Photo Files
Polyamory Dating Rules
Polyamory Relationship
Pornography Laws Info.
Premarital Agreements
Premarital Questions
Probable Cause Arrest ?
Probation Violation Info.
Process of Arrest Info.
Pornography Charges
Prisoner's Right's Info.
Property Crimes & Info.
Pro Se Litigant Info.
Pro-Se Rights Case Law
Pro-Se & Self-Help Info.
Prostitution Free/ Money
Publication Private Facts
Public Intoxication Info.
Pyramid Schemes Etc.
Racketeering/ RICO Etc.
Rape Of  Men & Women
Rapist and Sex Offenders
Red Light Cam. Tickets
ReElect Nobody Info.
Rental Deposit Fees Laws
Resisting Arrest Info.
Respect ALL Religions
Restoring Gun Rights
Retaliation After Crimes
Retaliation By Judges
Revenge Court Case's
Right to Counsel Laws
Robbery Crimes Etc.
Rockwood, Virginia B. Bad
Rules of Evidence & Info.
Rules of Evidence Etc.
Safe Haven Laws & Info.
Same Sex Marriage Info.
Scuba Diving Rapist Info
Scam's & Frauds Elderly
Search and Seizure Laws
Search Warrant Info. Etc.
Search Engines Helper
Search Engine Optimization
Secret Canon 3/2 Info.
Securities Fraud & Info.
Self Defence Laws Info.
Separation Agreement !
Seat Belt Laws & Info.
Sex Offender Registry
Sex & Am I Ready For ?
Sex Slave For Sale Ads
Sexual Abstinence Info.
Sexual Assault Laws Etc.
Sexual Orientation Info.
Sexual Predator Laws
Sex Crimes Laws & Info.
Sex Offenses & Laws
Sex Slave's For Sale Ads
Sexting Laws & Info. Etc.
Sexual Exploitation Info.
Sexual Slavery ? Laws
Shooting On Dick Spokane
Shoplifting Laws & Info.
Shower Safe & New Laws
Sit & Lie Down Ordinance
SLAPP Statutes & Laws
Smoking Getting Help Info.
Sodomy & Gay Info.  Laws
Solicitation Laws & Info.
Someone Drugged ME !
Speech Ban For Life ?
Spokane City Facts or ?
Spokane Code Enforcement
Spokane Dead Body Pics
Spokane Do Not Visit ?
Spokane Fire Dept. Bad
Spokane Internal Affairs
Spokane Local Killings
Spokane Marijuana Stores
Spokane Ombudsman Pr
Spokane Police Guild Bad
Spokane Police Very Bad
Spokane Prostitution Info.
Spokane Fireman Sex ?
Spokane Sex Clubs Info.
Spokane Stalker WoW
Spokane Unidentified Bodys
Standing Rules & Laws
Starting a Business Info.
Starting a New Website ?
Stalking & Forms of It ?
Stalkers + Traits of ?
Statute Of Limitations
Statutory Rape Laws Etc.
STD's & Other Diseases
Donald Sterling v NBA
Substantive Due Process
Sueing for Discrimination
Sue Without A Lawyer
Suing A Judges In Court
Suicide Get Help Now !
Support for Hitler USA
Supremacy Clause Info.
Surf The Web Safely Etc.
Tattoos and Branding !
Tax Evasion Laws Etc.
Telemarketing Scams Etc.
Terminology In The Laws
Theft / Larceny Info. Etc.
Traffic Laws & Tickets ?
Traffic Stops & Rights Info.
Transgender Bathroom Laws
Transgender People Info.
Transient Shelter Laws
Transvestite Laws & Info.
Trial Rights & Laws Etc.
Trust Laws & Court Rules
Unauthorized Practice Law
United Nations Laws Etc.
United States Constitution
U. S. Constitution Laws
U.S. Constitutional Law
Unlawful Vehicle Mod.
Vaccine & Vaccination
Vagrancy Laws & Info.
Valentines Day Stalker !
Vandalism Laws & Info.
Vehicle Searches & Info.
Violent Crime Control Act
Wa. State Constitution
Waiting for Rights Etc.
Wedding Day 11 12 13 14
We The People Laws
White Collar Crime & Info.
White House Laws/ Bills
White, Richard B. Bad J.
Woman Raped By Law
Wire Fraud Laws Etc.
Yes We The People Info.
Yin and Yang Philosophy
Z  Words &  Glossary !
STILL WORKING ONE
STILL WORKING THREE
STILL WORKING  EIGHT
 
   
 


In most states, first-degree murder is defined as an unlawful killing that is both willful and premeditated, meaning that it was committed after planning or "lying in wait" for the victim.

For example, Dan comes home to find his wife in bed with Victor. Three days later, Dan waits behind a tree near Victor's front door. When Victor comes out of the house, Dan shoots and kills him.

Most states also adhere to a legal concept known as the "felony murder rule," under which a person commits first-degree murder if any death (even an accidental one) results from the commission of certain violent felonies -- usually arson, burglary, kidnapping, rape, and robbery.

For example, John and Karen rob Mark liquor store, but as they are fleeing, Mark shoots and kills John. Under the felony murder rule, Karen can be charged with first-degree murder for Dan's death.

Most states divide murders into degrees, with first degree murder representing the worst form of homicide crime (though some states use other names such as "capital murder"). State laws vary as to what exactly constitutes murder in the first degree, but it generally includes murders committed by people who willfully take a life after having a chance to think about what they are doing. States have also enumerated certain murders which qualify as first degree even when the normal elements aren't met - such as the killing of law enforcement officers and murders committed in the course of violent crimes. Defenses to the charge take many forms, from mistaken identity to self-defense to not guilty by reason of insanity. States reserve their most severe punishment for certain first degree murder, including the death penalty.

Use the resources below to learn more about which murders qualify as first degree murders, specific state murder statutes, defenses to the charge and what sentence awaits those convicted of the crime.

State laws categorizing murders into first, second and possibly third degrees generally require that first degree murders include three basic elements: willfulness, deliberation and premeditation. Some states also require "malice aforethought" as an element, though sates differ as to how malice must be shown and whether this is a separate requirement from willful, deliberate and premeditated taking of human life. Most states also enumerate certain kinds of killings as first degree murders without need to prove intent, deliberation and premeditation.

Not all states break murder into degrees. In some places, the top level murder crime is called by another name, such as "capital murder." Intent

In terms of willfulness, first degree murderers must have the specific intent to end a human life. This intent does not necessarily have to have been focused on the actual victim. A murder in which the killer intends to kill but kills the wrong person or a random person would still constitute first degree murder. Furthermore, under many state laws, killing through action showing a depraved indifference to human life can qualify as murder in the first degree.Deliberation and Premeditation

Whether a killer acted with the deliberation and premeditation required for first degree murder can only be determined on a case by case basis. The need for deliberation and premeditation does not mean that the perpetrator must contemplate at length or plan far ahead of the murder. Time enough to form the conscious intent to kill and then act on it after enough time for a reasonable person to second guess the decision typically suffices. While this can happen very quickly, deliberation and premeditation must occur before, and not at the same time as, the act of killing."Malice Aforethought"

Under many state laws, perpetrators of first degree murder must have acted with malice or "malice aforethought." Malice generally includes an evil disposition or purpose and an indifference to human life. States treat the concept of "malice" differently. Under some laws, malice aforethought essentially means the same thing as acting with a premeditated intent to kill or extreme indifference to human life. Other states require a showing of malice distinct from the willfulness, deliberation and premeditation generally required for first degree murder. Enumerated First Degree Murders

State laws often categorize specific types of killings as first degree. In these cases, the typical elements of specific intent to kill, deliberation and premeditation may not be required. These often include:the killing of a child by use of unreasonable force;certain killings committed in a pattern of domestic abuse;the murder of law a law enforcement officer, andhomicides occurring in the commission of other crimes such as arson, rape, robbery or other violent crimes.

This list merely illustrates some of the enumerated first degree murders. For a complete list, consult specific state laws.

Many states also categorize certain methods of killing as murder in the first degree. These include intentional poisonings, murders resulting from imprisonment or torture and murders in which the killer "laid in wait" for or ambushed the victim.

Defenses to first degree murder charges fall into two major categories: claims that the defendant did not commit the killing in question, and admission that the defendant committed the killing, but did not commit first degree murder.

Defendants admitting to having killed the victim can assert defenses that they were justified in doing so (in self defense, for example), or that they were somehow incapacitated and thus not legally liable. These defenses require the defendant to put forth proof to support his or her defense.

First degree murder defendants also may simply argue that the prosecution has not proved all elements of a first degree murder charge typically that the defendant killed willfully, deliberately and with premeditation. Though the defendant may support such an argument with evidence, he or she is not required to do so, as proof of all elements of the crime falls on the shoulders of the prosecution.

As with statutes defining crimes, the defenses recognized for a specific crime can vary by state. Furthermore, which defenses a criminal defendant may have depends on the particular facts of the case in question. For guidance, defendants should consult an attorney well versed in his or her state's criminal laws.Mistaken Identity

In first degree murder cases, as well as other homicide crimes, defendants often argue mistaken identity i.e., that the prosecution has charged the wrong person with the killing. A defendant arguing mistaken identity often asserts an alibi if possible, which he or she tries to support with evidence of being somewhere else at the time of the killing. Other arguments in a mistaken identity defense include challenges to evidence placing the defendant at the scene of the crime. This can include challenges to witness identification as well as challenges to forensic evidence. A mistaken identity defense may also point to evidence implicating another possible suspect, but courts do not require defendants to do so.Justified Homicide

Not all homicides are crimes, let alone first degree murders. The most common legal justification for a killing is self-defense or the defense of others.Self-Defense

To succeed, a defendant arguing self defense must show that the killing resulted from a reasonable use of force to resist a reasonable fear of death or bodily harm. The defendant cannot have instigated the threatening situation. The degree of force used in self-defense must be proportional to the threat perceived, and the threat perceived must be something that would place a reasonable person in fear of death or great bodily harm. Mere words or insults do not suffice.

The defendant's reaction to the threat cannot take place after the threat of death or bodily harm has passed. Many states require that the defendant attempt to retreat or avoid danger if possible before resorting to the use of deadly force.

For example, if someone incapacitates a mugger with pepper spray, he or she may need to attempt to flee to safety instead of taking out a pistol and shooting the mugger. States differ in the degree to which they require an attempt to retreat if the threat they face occurs in the defender's home.Defense of Others

The reasonable and proportional defense of others also justifies some killings. The same requirements as self-defense typically apply: the use of force must be timely and proportional to the threat faced, and the perceived threat of death or bodily harm must be reasonable.Exercise of Duty

Certain killings by law enforcement and other public officers qualify as justified homicides. If an officer kills someone in the exercise of duty and without an unlawful intent, recklessness or negligence, that killing generally does not constitute murder, let alone first degree murder.Accident or Misfortune

Killings committed by accident in the course of lawful activities do not constitute murder. Some such killings may result in liability for manslaughter, but unless an accidental homicide takes place during the commission of a crime or as a result of other criminal intentions, they would not be covered by first degree or second degree murder statutes. In certain cases, such as parental discipline of children which results in even accidental death, the use of physical force beyond excepted norms can push the killing into murder and possibly, depending on state law, first degree murder.Insanity Defense

Most states recognize an insanity defense to charges of first degree murder. Even states which allow the defense, however, treat it differently and often apply different tests. Most states define insanity, for purposes of determining criminal liability, as cognitively being unable to appreciate the quality of the act being committed, or unable to realize that the act is wrong. Some states also recognize a volitional aspect to "insanity" giving some defendants with disorders affecting impulse control access to the insanity defense.

For more complete information on how the insanity defense works and its different variants,

First degree murder convictions typically draw the harshest sentences of any crime. As with the elements of the crime and defenses available, sentencing can vary from state to state. Possible sentences are outlined in state statutes, with courts deciding, sometimes within strict statutory guidelines, which sentence a convicted murderer will receive based on the facts determined in the case.Statutory Sentencing Options

The possible sentences for first degree murder (or a state's highest murder charge if called something else) vary widely by state. In some states, such as Florida, all first degree murder convictions bring either the death penalty or life in prison without the possibility of parole.

Other states, such as California, use a two tiered sentencing structure: the first being a range of years (often up to life) in prison, and the second either life without the possibility of parole or the death penalty (in states that allow it). Which tier of sentence the court hands down typically depends on whether the prosecution can prove any of a host of aggravating factors.Aggravating Factors

State laws spell out specific factors which render those found guilty of first degree murder subject to the state's harshest sentence. Aggravating factors include aspects of the crime, of the defendant, or of the victim(s) which render the defendant eligible for either the death penalty or life in prison without the possibility of parole.

Common aggravating factors include:The defendant had one or more previous murder convictions;The killing occurred during commission of any of a list of violent crimes (such as arson, rape or robbery);The victim was a law enforcement officer performing his or her duties;The victim was a judge, prosecutor, witness or juror killed to prevent the performance of their duties;The killing was particularly heinous or involved torture;The defendant laid in wait (waited and ambushed) the victim;The defendant poisoned the victim;The killing involved bombs or explosive materials; andThe defendant was an active gang member and victim was killed as part of gang activity.

This list merely illustrates several of the factors aggravating factors used in some states consult state law for the complete list of a specific state's aggravating factors. The Death Penalty

Currently, most states retain the death penalty as an option for those convicted of their highest level murder offense. State vary in terms of how often prosecution seeks the death penalty, and also in whether their top level murder convictions require the death penalty. Texas, for example, imposes death sentences on all those convicted of capital murder, its highest level murder charge. In California, on the other hand, aggravated first degree murder can draw either the death penalty or life in prison without parole.

For more information, see FindLaw's death penalty center.Life without the Possibility of Parole

In states which do not impose the death penalty, conviction on a first degree murder charge with aggravating factors generally results in a sentence of life in prison without the possibility of parole. In many states which do have the death penalty, an aggravated first degree murder conviction draws life in prison without parole if the prosecution does not seek, or fails to convince the court, to impose the death penalty.Lesser Sentences

First degree murder convictions without aggravating factors draw a range of prison sentences. This can include life in prison, usually with an eventual possibility of parole. The range of prison sentence for this type of murder conviction varies by state 25 years to life in California and 20 to 25 years New York, to name only two. Consult state laws for specific ranges where you live.



Citizens Court Watch + & Thank You For Taking The Time To Read This Websites

I Hope That This Websites Can Help You & Others With Your Court Cases / Laws.

You Can E-Mail US AT yourcivilrights@yahoo.com  You Can Also Write To Us at Rommel P. Westlaw  @  P.O. Box 18010 Spokane, Washington. 99228-0010 U.S.A. P.O. Box 960 Newman Lake, Wa. 99025 or P.O. Box 1144 Bonners Ferry, ID 83805  

Phone Messages Call Us  at (Washington D.C. Offices) At # 202-670-LAWS (5297) Florida # 561-90-PRO-SE (7-7673)  Spokane, Wa. # 509-701-5683 or 509-465-4528  Wisconsin # 920-39-JUDGE (5-8343) Texas # 512-887-8779 All Calls Are Welcome

You May Help Others By Making $$$ A Small Donation Or Help With Your Time. PLEASE REMEMBER DO NOT TAKE THE LAW INTO YOUR OWN HANDS  911*


Disclaimer and Fair Use Pages For Westlaw Books + See Full Disclaimer Page + Its Five 5 Button Down From The Top Of This Website + You Can Click # Button + To Read The Whole Disclaimer For This Website and My Other Website's Info. !

Disclaimer of Warranties and Liabilities:
This site does not warrant the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, safety or merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose of the information contained in This site nor in any way endorse the individuals or institutions listed in This site.


In No Event Shall Westlawbooks.com, or Any Other Web Address Etc. or Domain from Westlaw Books or its staff, its sponsors, its contributors or its ISP be liable for any damages whatsoever, including, without limitation, direct, special, indirect, consequential, or incidental damages, or damages for lost profits, loss of money or revenue, or loss of use, arising out of or related to the westlawbooks.com or Any Other Web Address or Domain from Westlaw Books or my other internet Web Site or the information contained in it, whether such damages arise in contract, negligence, tort, under statute, in equity, at law or otherwise.

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work on this website is distributed under fair use without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only. Read all about Copyright & Fair Use at- http://fairuse.stanford.edu/

If you have a Complaint About Westlaw Books Dot Com or My Other Domain's ?  Content of this Website, how about telling the webmaster first? You can Contact the Webmaster In Writing At P. O. Box 18010 Spokane, WA. 99228-0010 U.S.A.


Disclaimer: + This is A Disclaimer from the Owner of this Website + Please Read ! + Nothing Here Is To Be Construed As "Legal Advice". We Are Not Lawyers, And We Are Not Pretending To Be Lawyers. This manual and website and information is intended purely as a communication of information in accordance with the right of free speech. It does not constitute either general or specific legal advice. Anyone who is seeking any legal advice should consult a competent professional.

The following is provided for informational purposes only and is intended to be used as a guide prior to consultation with an attorney familiar with your specific legal situation. Westlaw Books is not engaged in rendering legal or other Info. & professional advice, and this form is not a substitute for the advice of an attorney. 


Permission to quote statements we make and use our graphics is hereby granted without obtaining permission. We do Not copyright our quotes or graphics we create, which we Want to be widely dissembled to further the cause of Liberty and Justice for your Families and For All Families. If you use our materials, we certainly would appreciate being informed. Thank you !

Disclaimer and Fair Use Pages For Westlaw Books + See Full Disclaimer Page + Its Five 5 Button Down From The Top Of This Website + You Can Click # Button + To Read The Whole Disclaimer For This Website and My Other Website's Info. !