, , , , , , , ,
 
Westlaw Books Welcome
Citizens Court Watch !
Sovereign Unalienable Info.
Important Court Cases
Real Court Case's Now
Guestbook Sign In Log !
5 Disclaimer and Fair Use
Bad Judges And Courts !
Court System How Works
Radical Reference Info.
Words & Law Glossary !
Z Misc Information Etc.
42 USC 1983 A Lawsuits
5000 New Police Jobs ?
A Bomb 66 Yrs Later Info.
A Letter To NBA Owners
Abortion Facts And Info.
Abuse Of Court Powers
Accident/Hit and Run Etc.
Adopt A Kitten or Dog ?
Advanced Trial Handbook
Against Seizing Children
Aggravated Assault Etc.
Aiding & Abetting Info.
Aiding & Accessory Info.
Alcohol Crimes (DUI) Etc
Alcohol Crimes (DWI) Etc
Alcohol Getting Help Info.
Alienation Of Affection
Amerasian Children Info.
American Express Refund
Animal Cruelty & Rights
Apartment Rental Scams
Anamorphosis Pics Info.
Arrest Is It Legal Arrest ?
Arson and Fires Laws Info.
Assault and Battery Etc.
Asylum Canada’s  System
Attempt Crimes Laws Etc.
Attorney Client Privilege
Background Checks Info
Bankruptcy Options Info.
Beatings By Officers Info.
Bicycle Laws & Info. Etc.
Bigamy & Polygamy Laws
Bill Of Rights & Other ?
Bivens Action Lawsuits
Black Kittycat Law Books
Black Mail & How To Stop
Body of Missing People's
Breast Cancer Help Info.
 Brutality Excessive Force
Bribery Laws & Info. Etc.
Burglary Laws Info. Etc.
Cannibalism In The World
Case Numbering System
Censorship Rules Info. Etc.
Chesterfield Services Bad
Child Abandonment Etc.
Child Abuse Laws Info.
Children's Internet Act
Child Pornography Etc.
Child Support Laws Info.
Chinn, C. Bradley Bad J.
Christmas Peace Wish !
Citizens Court Watch !
Civil Forfeiture Laws Info.
Civil Rights Overview ?
Civil Rights Warning Etc.
Clear & Present Danger
Cohabitation Laws & Info.
Color of Law Abuses Etc.
Collateral Estoppel Info.
Common Law Info. Etc.
Complaints & Canons Etc.
Computer Crime &  Info.
Consortium, Loss Of Info.
Conspiracy Crime Info.
Constitution & Its Laws
Constitutional Law Info.
Contempt of Court Info.
Contempt of Cop Info.
Convicted Sex Offender
Cops Pulling You Over 4 ?
Copyright Patent Trade
COURT OF APPEALS III
Court System How Works
Court Forced Labor Info.
Couches 4 Rent Sex Info
Cozza, Salvatore  F. Bad
Credit / Debit Card Fraud
Credit 4 Time Served ?
Crimes A-Z Get Help Now
Crimes Against Justice ?
Crimes Against A Person
Criminal Contempt Court
Criminal Investigations
Civil Contempt of Court
Crimes Against Children
Criminal Rights Violations
Cyber Bullying Info. Etc.
Cyber Crimes Laws & Info.
Date Rape Info.Sex Etc.
Dating Black Mail Info.
Dating and Sex Info. Etc.
Death and Dying Info.
Death Penalty Laws Info.
Defamation Libel Slander
Deflowered by Police Info.
Deposition Cindy N. Jones
Dim Witted Persons Etc.
Disability Rights & Laws
Disorderly Conduct Etc.
DISTRICT COURT INFO.
Disturbing the Peace Etc.
Do Not Call 911 Info. ?
Do Not Call 911 Dot Com
Dog and Animal Abuse
Dog/Animal Bites & Info.
D.V. & Animal Abuse Etc.
Domestic Violence Etc.
Double Jeopardy Laws
Drinking Water Safety ?
Driver New Pay By Miles
 D.V. Consortium Info. !
Drug Charges & Info.
Drug Cultivation Etc.
Drug Distribution Etc.
Drugs Getting Help Info.
Drug Manufacturing Etc.
Drug Possession Etc.
Drug Trafficking Etc.
DSHS & APS & Get Help
DUI and DWI Laws Etc.
DUI & DWI After Arrest ?
E Bay & Craiglist Scams
E-Books Copyright Laws
Embezzlement Info. Etc.
Emergency Help Info.
Emergency Fire 911 Info.
Essays and Speeches
Expungement Laws Info.
Extortion Laws & Info.
Exemption From Laws
Exercise Your Rights Now.
False Advertising Laws
False Arrest Laws & Info
Feeding Homless Laws
Federal U.S Code & Laws
Federalism & Laws Info.
Feminism Laws & Info.
First Corinthians 7 Info.
First Date's Is It Safe ?
Fleecing of America !
Food Poisoning Info. Etc
Forgery Laws & Info. Etc.
Forced Guardianship Info.
Forced Labor & Its Laws
Forced Marriage Laws
Foster Care Laws & Info.
Fracking Regulations
Fraud Laws & Info. Etc.
Freedom Of Press Info.
Freedom of Speech Etc.
Friends Civil Rights Laws
Friend Of Court Brief
Funny To Scare Horses
Gangs Laws & Other Info.
Gang Rape Woman Laws
Gay Marriage Rights Etc.
Going Postal Get Help !
Glossary of Terms/ Words
Gonzaga Law School Etc
Good Samaritan Backfires
Grant Programs Info.
Guardian Ad Litem Info.
Guardianship Laws Info.
Guide To  File a Lawsuit
Gun Control Laws Etc.
Gun Rights In 4  U.S.A.
Guns Safety How To Info.
Habeas Corpus Laws Etc.
Harassment Laws & Info.
Hate Crimes Laws & Info.
Hearsay Evidence Case
Homeless Programs Etc.
Homicide Laws &  Info.
How To Bypass The Laws
How To Cook Babys Info
How To File a Lawsuit !
How to Self-Publish Book
How To Sue A Judge !
How The Courts Work
How The Courts Work ?
Human Trafficking Laws
Husband and Wife Laws
Hustler Mag v. Falwell
Identity Theft Info. Etc.
Indecent Exposure Etc.
Info. & Deaths Spokane
Injunction Rules & Laws
Insanity Defense Laws
Insurance Fraud Etc.
Intellectual Property Etc.
Intelligence Agency ?
Internet Laws Public Etc.
Internet Security Center
IRA Inheritance Laws
Jane Doe & John Doe Info.
Stephanie Doe Call 4 Help
Jaywalking Laws & Info.
Judical Conduct (CJC)
Judical Immunity Rules
Judical Lawsuits Case's
Judicial / Legal Corruption
Judicaial Misconduct Info.
Judical Picnic 9/11 Ethics
Judicial Review & Laws
Judicial Trust Fund Info.
Jurisdiction Laws & Info.
Jurisprudence & Laws
Jury Duty Welcome Info.
Juvenile Law & Info.
Kidnapping Laws & Info.
Law Enforcement  Powers
Laws Suits Filling Info.
Lawyer Discipline Info. !
Layman Law Firm PLLP
Layman Bible Laws Etc.
Legal Research Internet
Life at Conception Act
Lithium Batteries Danger
Loan Pay Off How To
Magna Charta 1215  Text
Magna Carta Legal Info.
Mail Fraud & Scams
Mail Order Brides Info.
Mandatory Reporters Etc.
Manslaughter Involuntary
Manslaughter Voluntary
Marijuana & Cannabis Laws
Marital Rape Is A Crime ?
Medical Marijuana Info.
Mental State/ Defendant
MerryHallowThanksMas !
Millennials Generation Y
Minor in Possession (MIP)
Miranda Rights Warnings
Miranda v. Arizona ?
Misc Facts & Info. Etc.
Misc Files & Laws & Info.
Money Laundering Etc.
Mormon Polygamy Info.
Most Important Info. Etc.
Motorcycle Accidents Etc.
Murder First Degree Etc.
Murder Second Degree Etc.
My Constitutional R. Watch
Aaron M. Naccarato Bad
Naked Children Laws
9TH CT CRT OF APPEALS
National Debt Figures US
No Contact Orders Info.
O'Connor, Kathleen M. B
Obscenity Laws & Info.
Open Container Law Etc.
Other Pink Thing ! 1973
Other White Meat/ Baby
Panhandler Ordinance
Pay Pal and Misc Scams
Pedestrian Accidents Etc.
Perjury In Court & Info.
Permanent Injunction Law
Pet Adopt & Laws Info.
Photography is Not Crime
Pharmaceutical Viagra !
Plea Bargains Laws/Info.
Pledge of Allegiance Etc.
Police Brutality &  Force
Police Crimes Info. Etc.
POLICE, FBI, CIA Info.
Police Misconduct & Info.
Police Misc Photo Files
Polyamory Dating Rules
Polyamory Relationship
Pornography Laws Info.
Premarital Agreements
Premarital Questions
Probable Cause Arrest ?
Probation Violation Info.
Process of Arrest Info.
Pornography Charges
Prisoner's Right's Info.
Property Crimes & Info.
Pro Se Litigant Info.
Pro-Se Rights Case Law
Pro-Se & Self-Help Info.
Prostitution Free/ Money
Publication Private Facts
Public Intoxication Info.
Pyramid Schemes Etc.
Racketeering/ RICO Etc.
Rape Of  Men & Women
Rapist and Sex Offenders
Red Light Cam. Tickets
ReElect Nobody Info.
Rental Deposit Fees Laws
Resisting Arrest Info.
Respect ALL Religions
Restoring Gun Rights
Retaliation After Crimes
Retaliation By Judges
Revenge Court Case's
Right to Counsel Laws
Robbery Crimes Etc.
Rockwood, Virginia B. Bad
Rules of Evidence & Info.
Rules of Evidence Etc.
Safe Haven Laws & Info.
Same Sex Marriage Info.
Scuba Diving Rapist Info
Scam's & Frauds Elderly
Search and Seizure Laws
Search Warrant Info. Etc.
Search Engines Helper
Search Engine Optimization
Secret Canon 3/2 Info.
Securities Fraud & Info.
Self Defence Laws Info.
Separation Agreement !
Seat Belt Laws & Info.
Sex Offender Registry
Sex & Am I Ready For ?
Sex Scam's Gift Cards
Sex Slave For Sale Ads
Sexual Abstinence Info.
Sexual Assault Laws Etc.
Sexual Orientation Info.
Sexual Predator Laws
Sex Crimes Laws & Info.
Sex Offenses & Laws
Sex Slave's For Sale Ads
Sexting Laws & Info. Etc.
Sexual Exploitation Info.
Sexual Slavery ? Laws
Shooting On Dick Spokane
Shoplifting Laws & Info.
Shower Safe & New Laws
Sit & Lie Down Ordinance
Fred Van Sickle + Fed. J.
SLAPP Statutes & Laws
Smoking Getting Help Info.
Sodomy & Gay Info.  Laws
Solicitation Laws & Info.
Someone Drugged ME !
Speech Ban For Life ?
Spokane Bad 4 Business
Spokane City Facts or ?
Spokane Code Enforcement
Spokane Dead Body Pics
Spokane Do Not Visit ?
Spokane Fire Dept. Bad
Spokane Internal Affairs
Spokane Local Killings
Spokane Marijuana Stores
Spokane Ombudsman Pr
Spokane Police Guild Bad
Spokane Police Very Bad
Spokane Prostitution Info.
Spokane Fireman Sex ?
Spokane Sex Clubs Info.
Spokane Stalker WoW
Spokane Unidentified Bodys
Standing Rules & Laws
Starting a Business Info.
Starting a New Website ?
Stalking & Forms of It ?
Stalkers + Traits of ?
Statute Of Limitations
Statutory Rape Laws Etc.
STD's & Other Diseases
Donald Sterling v NBA
Substantive Due Process
Sueing for Discrimination
Sue Without A Lawyer
Suing A Judges In Court
Suicide Get Help Now !
SUPERIOR COURT INFO.
Support for Hitler USA
Supremacy Clause Info.
SUPREME COURT WA
Surf The Web Safely Etc.
Tattoos and Branding !
Tax Evasion Laws Etc.
Telemarketing Scams Etc.
Terminology In The Laws
Theft / Larceny Info. Etc.
Traffic Laws & Tickets ?
Traffic Stops & Rights Info.
Transgender Bathroom Laws
Transgender People Info.
Transient Shelter Laws
Transvestite Laws & Info.
Trial Rights & Laws Etc.
Trust Laws & Court Rules
Unauthorized Practice Law
United Nations Laws Etc.
United States Constitution
U. S. Constitution Laws
U.S. Constitutional Law
Unlawful Vehicle Mod.
US  CT. EASTERN  WA.
US SUPREME COURT
Vaccine & Vaccination
Vagrancy Laws & Info.
Valentines Day Hearings
Valentines Day Stalker !
Vandalism Laws & Info.
Vehicle Searches & Info.
Violent Crime Control Act
Wa. State Constitution
Waiting for Rights Etc.
Wedding Day 11 12 13 14
Westlaw Arrest Story ?
Westlaw Arrest Tickets
Westlaw Books Come Out
Westlaw Books Dot Com
Westlaw Court Dockets
Westlaw Books Updates
We The People Laws
White Collar Crime & Info.
White House Laws/ Bills
White, Richard B. Bad J.
Woman Raped By Law
Wire Fraud Laws Etc.
Yes We The People Info.
Yin and Yang Philosophy
Z  Words &  Glossary !
STILL WORKING ONE
STILL WORKING THREE
STILL WORKING  EIGHT
PAY PAL CODES
NEW WEB PAGES ONE
NEW WEB PAGES TWO
NEW WEB PAGES THREE
NEW WEB PAGES FOUR
NEW WEB PAGES FIVE
NEW WEB PAGES SIX
NEW WEB PAGES SEVEN
NEW WEB PAGES EIGHT
 
   
 


Vandalism is an offense that occurs when a person destroys or defaces someone else's property without permission. Effects of vandalism may include broken windows, graffiti, damage to vehicles, and even damage or destruction of a person's website. The results of vandalism may be found on billboards, street signs, and building structures, as well as near bus stops, tunnels, cemeteries, and many other public spaces.

While vandalism may be considered "art" by some, it is nonetheless a crime against property that is punishable by jail time, monetary fines, or both.

What Constitutes Vandalism?

Vandalism is a broad category crime that is used to describe a variety of behaviors. Generally, vandalism includes any willful behavior aimed at destroying, altering, or defacing property belonging to another.

Common behaviors that may lead to a vandalism charge include:Spray painting another's property with the purpose of defacing;"Egging" someone's car or window;Keying (or scratching) paint off of someone's car;Breaking someone's windows;Defacing public property with graffiti and other forms of "art";Slashing someone's tires; Defacing park benches; andAltering or knocking down street signs; Kicking and damaging someone's property with your hands or feet; and several other behaviors.

In addition, a person who possesses the means to commit vandalism, including possession of a drill bit, glass cutter, or other substance, may also face vandalism charges under certain circumstances (for example, a person under eighteen who carries a can of spray paint at a park or on school grounds).

Vandalism Laws

Vandalism is covered by state statutes, and varies by state. Some states refer to vandalism as "criminal damage", "malicious trespass", "malicious mischief", or other terms. In an effort to control the impact of vandalism, many states have specific laws that may decrease certain forms of vandalism. For example, some states have local "aerosol container laws" that limit the purchase of spray paint containers or other "vandalism tools" which could be used for graffiti or vandalism purposes.

In addition, some states have laws that prohibit vandalism to certain types of property, such as autos, churches, school property, and government facilities.

Moreover, some states have laws that prohibit specific acts of vandalism, such as breaking windows, graffiti, and using man-made substances to destroy property.

Purpose of the Law

Vandalism laws exist to prevent the destruction of property and public spaces, and may also exist to protect against hate crimes and other behavior that is directed at religious or minority groups, such as ransacking a church or synagogue, writing racist or sexist graffiti on school property, or etching a swastika in a car.

Penalties and Punishment

Depending on the specific state and value of the property damage, vandalism is either a misdemeanor or felony offense. Penalties typically include fines, imprisonment in county jail, or both. In addition, a person convicted of vandalism is frequently ordered to wash, repair or replace the damaged property (known as "restitution"), and/or participate in programs to clean up graffiti and other forms of vandalism. Moreover, a parent of a minor child may be ordered to pay fines resulting from their child's vandal behavior under a "parental liability" theory.

Related Offenses

Vandalism, on its own, is often considered a non-violent crime that generally affects ones "quality of life", but may escalate to more serious crimes typically involving juveniles including theft/larceny, burglary, drug possession, disturbing the peace, and other random acts of violence.

Defenses to Vandalism

Defenses to vandalism typically include circumstances that might "mitigate" or lesson the penalties, such as indifference, accident, mischief, or creative expression. Even though vandalism is a crime that generally requires completion of the act, it does not require you to get "caught in the act". You may be charged with vandalism after the fact if there are witnesses, surveillance, or other evidence that might implicate you with the crime.

Conclusion

Vandalism has the potential to cost states millions of dollars each year in clean-up efforts and other program costs, and may cause psychological or emotional damage to property owners as well. When a person defaces, alters, or otherwise destroys someone's property, he or she may be required to clean- up, repair, or replace the damaged property or, more substantially, face criminal penalties in the form of jail time, fines, or both.

Vandalism is typically defined as when a person knowingly causes serious physical damage to a structure or its contents. Vandalism is governed by state statutes, which vary by state. Some states have separate statutes that deal specifically with vandalism to certain property, such as autos, cemeteries, or school property. Statutes typically provide for penalties based upon the value of the property damage. Local laws should be consulted for specific requirements in your area.

The following is an example of a state statute dealing with vandalism:

A) No person shall knowingly cause serious physical harm to an occupied structure or any of its contents.

(B) (1) No person shall knowingly cause physical harm to property that is owned or possessed by another, when either of the following applies:

(a) The property is used by its owner or possessor in the owner's or possessor's profession, business, trade, or occupation, and the value of the property or the amount of physical harm involved is five hundred dollars or more;

(b) Regardless of the value of the property or the amount of damage done, the property or its equivalent is necessary in order for its owner or possessor to engage in the owner's or possessor's profession, business, trade, or occupation.

(2) No person shall knowingly cause serious physical harm to property that is owned, leased, or controlled by a governmental entity. A governmental entity includes, but is not limited to, the state or a political subdivision of the state, a school district, the board of trustees of a public library or public university, or any other body corporate and politic responsible for governmental activities only in geographical areas smaller than that of the state.

(C) No person, without privilege to do so, shall knowingly cause serious physical harm to any tomb, monument, gravestone, or other similar structure that is used as a memorial for the dead; to any fence, railing, curb, or other property that is used to protect, enclose, or ornament any cemetery; or to a cemetery.

(D) No person, without privilege to do so, shall knowingly cause physical harm to a place of burial by breaking and entering into a tomb, crypt, casket, or other structure that is used as a memorial for the dead or as an enclosure for the dead.

(E) Whoever violates this section is guilty of vandalism. Except as otherwise provided in this division, vandalism is a felony of the fifth degree that is punishable by a fine of up to two thousand five hundred dollars in addition to the penalties specified for a felony of the fifth degree in sections 2929.11 to 2929.18 of the Revised Code. If the value of the property or the amount of physical harm involved is five thousand dollars or more but less than one hundred thousand dollars, vandalism is a felony of the fourth degree. If the value of the property or the amount of physical harm involved is one hundred thousand dollars or more, vandalism is a felony of the third degree.

(F) For purposes of this section:

(1) "Cemetery" means any place of burial and includes burial sites that contain American Indian burial objects placed with or containing American Indian human remains.

(2) "Serious physical harm" means physical harm to property that results in loss to the value of the property of five hundred dollars or more.

Vandalism The intentional and malicious destruction of or damage to the property of another.

The intentional destruction of property is popularly referred to as vandalism. It includes behavior such as breaking windows, slashing tires, spray painting a wall with graffiti, and destroying a computer system through the use of a computer virus. Vandalism is a malicious act and may reflect personal ill will, although the perpetrators need not know their victim to commit vandalism. The recklessness of the act imputes both intent and malice.

Because the destruction of public and private property poses a threat to society, modern statutes make vandalism a crime. The penalties upon conviction may be a fine, a jail sentence, an order to pay for repairs or replacement, or all three. In addition, a person who commits vandalism may be sued in a civil tort action for damages so that the damaged property can be repaired or replaced.

Vandalism is a general term that may not actually appear in criminal statutes. Frequently, these statutes employ the terms criminal mischief, malicious mischief, or malicious trespass as opposed to vandalism. A group of individuals can be convicted of conspiring or acting concertedly to commit vandalism. Generally, the attempt to commit vandalism is an offense as well, but the penalties for attempted vandalism are not as severe as the penalties for a completed act. Penalties also depend on the value of the property destroyed or the cost of repairing it.

To obtain a conviction the prosecution must ordinarily prove that the accused damaged or destroyed some property, that the property did not belong to the accused, and that the accused acted willfully and with malice. In the absence of proof of damage, the defendant may be guilty of Trespass, but not vandalism. If there is no proof that the defendant intentionally damaged the property, the defendant cannot be convicted of the crime but can be held liable for monetary damages in a civil action.

Some state statutes impose more stringent penalties for the destruction of certain types of property. Such statutes might cover the desecration of a church or synagogue, the destruction of jail or prison property by inmates, and the intentional destruction of property belonging to a public utility.

Destructive acts will not be excused merely because the defendants acted out of what they thought was a noble purpose. Political demonstrators may exercise their First Amendment rights of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Association and Assembly, but if they deface, for example, government property with spray-painted slogans, they can be convicted of vandalism.

The peak period for committing relatively minor property crimes is between the ages of fifteen and twenty-one. In the United States adolescent vandalism, including the wanton destruction of schools, causes millions of dollars of damage each year. Apprehending vandals is often difficult, and the costs of repairing the damage are passed on to taxpayers, private property owners, and insurance companies. Some states hold parents financially responsible for vandalism committed by their minor children, up to specified limits. These statutes are designed to encourage parental supervision and to shift part of the cost of vandalism from the public to the individuals who are best able to supervise the children who destroyed the property.



Citizens Court Watch + & Thank You For Taking The Time To Read This Websites

I Hope That This Websites Can Help You & Others With Your Court Cases / Laws.

You Can E-Mail US AT yourcivilrights@yahoo.com  You Can Also Write To Us at Rommel P. Westlaw  @  P.O. Box 18010 Spokane, Washington. 99228-0010 U.S.A. P.O. Box 960 Newman Lake, Wa. 99025 or P.O. Box 1144 Bonners Ferry, ID 83805  

Phone Messages Call Us  at (Washington D.C. Offices) At # 202-670-LAWS (5297) Florida # 561-90-PRO-SE (7-7673)  Spokane, Wa. # 509-701-5683 or 509-465-4528  Wisconsin # 920-39-JUDGE (5-8343) Texas # 512-887-8779 All Calls Are Welcome

You May Help Others By Making $$$ A Small Donation Or Help With Your Time. PLEASE REMEMBER DO NOT TAKE THE LAW INTO YOUR OWN HANDS  911*


Disclaimer and Fair Use Pages For Westlaw Books + See Full Disclaimer Page + Its Five 5 Button Down From The Top Of This Website + You Can Click # Button + To Read The Whole Disclaimer For This Website and My Other Website's Info. !

Disclaimer of Warranties and Liabilities:
This site does not warrant the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, safety or merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose of the information contained in This site nor in any way endorse the individuals or institutions listed in This site.


In No Event Shall Westlawbooks.com, or Any Other Web Address Etc. or Domain from Westlaw Books or its staff, its sponsors, its contributors or its ISP be liable for any damages whatsoever, including, without limitation, direct, special, indirect, consequential, or incidental damages, or damages for lost profits, loss of money or revenue, or loss of use, arising out of or related to the westlawbooks.com or Any Other Web Address or Domain from Westlaw Books or my other internet Web Site or the information contained in it, whether such damages arise in contract, negligence, tort, under statute, in equity, at law or otherwise.

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work on this website is distributed under fair use without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only. Read all about Copyright & Fair Use at- http://fairuse.stanford.edu/

If you have a Complaint About Westlaw Books Dot Com or My Other Domain's ?  Content of this Website, how about telling the webmaster first? You can Contact the Webmaster In Writing At P. O. Box 18010 Spokane, WA. 99228-0010 U.S.A.


Disclaimer: + This is A Disclaimer from the Owner of this Website + Please Read ! + Nothing Here Is To Be Construed As "Legal Advice". We Are Not Lawyers, And We Are Not Pretending To Be Lawyers. This manual and website and information is intended purely as a communication of information in accordance with the right of free speech. It does not constitute either general or specific legal advice. Anyone who is seeking any legal advice should consult a competent professional.

The following is provided for informational purposes only and is intended to be used as a guide prior to consultation with an attorney familiar with your specific legal situation. Westlaw Books is not engaged in rendering legal or other Info. & professional advice, and this form is not a substitute for the advice of an attorney. 


Permission to quote statements we make and use our graphics is hereby granted without obtaining permission. We do Not copyright our quotes or graphics we create, which we Want to be widely dissembled to further the cause of Liberty and Justice for your Families and For All Families. If you use our materials, we certainly would appreciate being informed. Thank you !

Although ALL the Author's and Publisher's Citizens Court Watch Dot Com have made every effort to ensure that the information in this book was correct at press time, the author's and publisher's do not assume and hereby disclaim any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by errors or omissions, whether such errors or omissions result from any negligence, accident, or any other cause etc.

Disclaimer and Fair Use Pages For Westlaw Books + See Full Disclaimer Page + Its Five 5 Button Down From The Top Of This Website + You Can Click # Button + To Read The Whole Disclaimer For This Website and My Other Website's Info. !